A Brief History Of Islam Essay

748 words - 3 pages

There are three great western religions that through history have globally expanded throughout the world. One of those western religions is Islam. Islam was first introduced and developed on the Arabian Peninsula. Islam, like Judaism and Christianity, is a monotheistic religion. Islam means "submission" to one god. The followers of Islam are known as Muslims.

One primary leader of Islam is a man named Muhammad.

When an economy began to develop in the Arabian Peninsula and the city of Mecca played a major role in the prosperous economy. However, the prosperous economy mainly benefited rulers, who profited from the economy. There was still a large group of Arabic people, who made a living by farming, herding, and trading, but these people were not prosperous, in fact, many of these people were quite poor. The disputes between the rich and the poor is one of the explanations of the birth is Islam.

Before the emergence of Islam, the Arabian Peninsula consisted of some Jews and Christians. However, the majority of the population of the Arabian Peninsula was pagan or polytheistic. The polytheistic people worshipped gods and goddesses of nature and a high god, known as Allah. Many polytheistic Arabians and Christians went to Ka'ba, a pilgrimage site in Mecca, to worship the gods, goddesses, and Allah. However a man named Muhammad came along and altered these beliefs.

The prophet Muhammad (570-632 AD), was born into a relatively poor family and was recognized by a Christian monk, at the age of twelve, as a prophet. Muhammad married a widow, Khadija. At the age of forty, during the month of Ramadan, Muhammad began receiving divine revelations, and formed a strong belief that there is only one god, Allah. Muhammad recited messages, which included belief in one god, giving charity, and prepare for final judgment. These messages were told out loud and recorded and brought about in Arabic into the Qu'ran. Muhammad's messages caused controversy and endangered him and that led him to flee to Medina, this migration was called hijra, where he founded the first Islamic community, or umma. The umma moved to Mecca, and Muhammad got rid of the statues...

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