A Reaction Paper To Freud's Book "Future Of An Illusion"

888 words - 4 pages

Freud and ReligionFrom the beginning of human kind's existence in this universe, religion has always been an important concept of life for every civilization. In his book "Future of an Illusion", Sigmund Freud critiques religion psychoanalytically and comes to a conclusion where he thinks religion is an illusion. As an atheist, he mainly argues that mankind will be better off when they stop their meaningless belief in religions. This paper is going to discuss and critique some of Freud's ideas about religion regarding to civilization, human psychology and science.First argument Freud is making to critique religion in his book is that, mankind created civilizations to defend their selves against the unpredictable and destructive forces of nature. This argument of his is not relevant, because it is easy to understand from his book that Freud has little knowledge about historical facts. It is hard to understand how a scientist who searches proof and reason for every subject can be this much sure about this fact even when he doesn't know much about historical facts.Freud also uses civilization concept as a step to argue the creation of religion by mankind. He makes a parallelism between the reasons why civilizations and religions were created. According to him, religions and divine powers were created because they protect the humanity against the forces of nature. Freud is trying to convince the reader that this argument is true for all religions, because he uses religion as a general subject. It is impossible to agree with this kind of a hypothesis, because it is a fact that, especially the monotheistic religions were created because of the bad morality condition of people, but not because of their fear of nature.Freud's ideas about fear of nature creating religion can be accepted for the present time, because God is a savior for most of the people in the world and people pray to get protected from destructive forces of nature. However, it is impossible to claim the same idea for the beginning of monotheistic religions. It is an historical fact that at the times when these religions were introduced to civilizations, people were morally corrupted and the only way to make them have a proper way of life was the creation of religions from one God who owns the universe. In short, monotheistic religions were created to convince the civilizations to be morally in the right way, but not to get protection against forces of nature.Another important concept that Freud is using to critique religion...

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