African Americans In Antebellum America Essay

1643 words - 7 pages

Africans first arrived in the area that later became the United States of America in around 1619 in the Chesapeake area. The large amount of fertile land in the area gave the settlers their biggest cash crop, which was tobacco. As time went by, more and more tobacco was being exported to England. Because of this, more labor was needed. This need for more labor was not only in the north, but in the south as well due to their mass production of cotton. This movement started the institution of slavery in America. Then, the colonies and other countries started to trade slaves and it became a business. The Royal African Company was the first slave trading company, which was started in 1672. The slaves were transported by the Middle Passage, which were the ships that carried the slaves to the colonies . The vessels of this company made regular visits to Chesapeake Bay. As the supply of slaves increased, the prices dropped. In 1698, the Royal African Company lost its monopoly. This led to the reproduction of slaves in the colonies. Indentured servitude, which is signing a contract and putting your body in service to someone, was common the Chesapeake area until about 1750.

About 5,000 African slaves fought in the Revolutionary War against England. I say "African" because there was not a United States when the war started in 1775. The Declaration of Independence was written in 1776. Most of the slaves who fought in the war were promised freedom, but did not receive it. Slavery became a way of life for most Africans that later became African Americans until some states abolished slavery, owners decided to free their slaves, or if the slaves ran away from their owners and journeyed to a non-slave state.

When America gained its independence, there was a disagreement that took place during the Constitutional Convention in 1787 that dealt with how each state would count their population. The House of Representatives uses the states' population to determine how many representatives each state receives in the House. In the southern states, they thought that everyone, including slaves, should be counted. The northern states did not think that it was fair to count the slaves in the total population, since there were a lot more slaves in the south than the north. Both sides agreed to the 3/5 Compromise. This compromise said that for every 5 slaves, they would be counted as 3 citizens. Therefore, 60% of the slave population would be used when the states' population is counted. Slavery in the United States lasted until towards the end of the Civil War and even some after the Emancipation Proclamation, since it only freed slaves in the South and not in the North.

Growing up as a child in a slave family was pretty easy, until you discovered the harsh reality of slavery. The children were not allowed to call certain people by certain names. For one former Louisiana slave, that moment came when her mistress whipped her for saying...

Find Another Essay On African Americans in Antebellum America

What are the Effects of Marriage and Religion on African Americans in Urban America?

1248 words - 5 pages What are the Effects of Marriage and Religion on African Americans in Urban America? The last three decades have witnessed a “retreat from marriage” in the United States, marked by high rates of nonmarital births, lower rates of marriage, and divorce. Although a growing body of research on the retreat from marriage has focused on its social and economic causes, little attention has been paid to the role that cultural institutions play in

"To what extent had african americans acheived equal civil rights by 1940?" A reviw of the civil rights and treatment of blacks in pre-civil-war America

973 words - 4 pages economic situations of black Americans to improve,they required the assistance and commitment of the federal government, butunfortunately, the federal government was reluctant to get involved with what theybelieved were state affairs. In the North, conditions were better than in the South, butwere still far from ideal.In some places, blacks were allowed to vote freely, but northerners were generallyunwilling to give African Americans the vote

They Say: Ida B. Wells and the Reconstruction of Race, by James W. Davidson. Ida B. Wells as a parallel to African Americans trying to gain empowerment in post-emancipation America

1412 words - 6 pages two diaries, a travel journal, and an autobiography, recorded the personal struggle of a woman to define womanhood during post-emancipation America. The novel, They Say: Ida B. Wells and the Reconstruction of Race , provides an insight into how Ida B. Wells's life paralleled that of African-Americans trying to gain citizenship and empowerment in post-slavery America.From the beginning, Ida B. Wells was shaped by firm moral convictions and

Sport and Manliness in Antebellum America

1813 words - 8 pages were better avenues for men to show that they are manly during Antebellum America besides sports, because sports were for entertainment and leisure. Works Cited Gorn, Elliott. The Manly Art: bare-knuckle prize fighting in America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2012. Print. Greenburg, Kenneth. "The Nose, the Lie, and the Duel in the Antebellum South." American Historical Review. 95.1 (1990): 57-74. Print. Rader, B. G. American sports

African Americans in Slavery

2196 words - 9 pages African Americans in Slavery “ Slavery is terrible for men; but it is far more terrible for women. Superadded to the burden common to all, they have wrongs, and sufferings, and mortifications peculiarly their own.” ( Harriet Brent “Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl” page 119). Gender played a key role in slavery and after reading “Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl” it is obvious that women in slavery received far worse treatment

Obesity in African Americans

2576 words - 10 pages Overweight African AmericanAfrican Americans have a disproportionate share of the obesity burden. By the time they reach the age of 50, 80 percent of African-American women and 60 percent of African-American men will be overweight or obese (obesity defined as severely overweight). Rates of obesity in children and adolescents are rapidly increasing as well. In just 10 years, the rate of obesity doubled in adolescents, from 13 percent to 24

Colorectal Cancer in African Americans

845 words - 4 pages Commitment to Colorectal Health and Cancer Reduction in African Americans,” or “The F.A.I.T.H Project” was created to execute a culturally targeted faith/community-based educational intervention about CRC within the African American community. The sample included 539 participants belonging to community-based organizations and Black churches. The criteria an individual had to meet to partake in this experiment included; African American that was 50 years

African Americans In The Post

1485 words - 6 pages economic prosperity on its mind. The African Americans gained their emancipation and new rights through the battling Northern and Southern factions of the United States, not because a majority of the country felt that slavery possessed a ‘moral urgency’. As the years passed and the whites began to reconcile, their economic goals rose to the forefront of their policy, while racism spread throughout the country and deepened in the

African Americans in Juice 1992

1173 words - 5 pages Shaundre Moore Juice is a 1992 American crime drama film that refers to the lives of four African-American youths in Harlem. It relates to the everyday life and activities in the young men's lives, starting as innocent bad behavior but grows more serious and propelling as time progresses. It also displays a strong emphasis on the struggles that the four must go through daily as well such as harassment by law enforcement and their relatives

A Gendered History Of African Colonization In The Antebellum United States

9569 words - 38 pages imagery of Africa invoked by this colonization discourse reinforced a convergent set of fears among Northern whites about "amalgamation" that generated a climate in which race riots flourished in Northern cities during the antebellum years. Equally important, in the face of this gendered racial discourse, African Americans in the North asserted their own interpretations of the meanings of manhood and womanhood as they defended their place in American

African Americans in the Great Depression

1512 words - 6 pages The Great Depression. The worst financial crisis to ever hit America. Unemployment rates of over 25%. A 50% decrease in national income. Billions of dollars lost in a single day. (Trotter, pg.8) The Depression affected everyone in America. Young and old, rich and poor, black and white, none were spared. However, for America’s 12 million African Americans (Encyclopedia of Race and Racism) the Depression didn’t just start in 1929.(Africa to

Similar Essays

Terrorism On African Americans In America

2316 words - 10 pages The terrorization of African Americans in America did not began when the FBI created the counterintelligence program Cointel Pro, people of African descent have been terrorized in the United States since their unwilling arrival to the country in the 17th century. Slavery in America directly depended on the agricultural work of African slaves. Africans were dehumanized and treated no better than cattle in the fields. They were unable to learn

The Situation Of African Americans In America

678 words - 3 pages . When America was discovered in 1492, Europeans soon realised that Africans were more able to work in the hot sun than Native Americans and were also easier to identify as slaves than white prisoners because of their skin-colour. Slave trade quickly became a common business. About 7 million Africans survived the "holocaust Atlantic slave-trade". About 50 % of the kidnapped Africans died during the journey. The first Africans were brought

Race Riots Advancement For African Americans In America

1672 words - 7 pages Race riots in America is a story told so little, but a story that is key to the hard work and road laid for African Americans. In the 20th century in times where we knew African Americans fought persistently for Civil Rights, seldom is their the story about the early 20th century. In the beginnings of the 20th century Riots broke out across all of the United States, over eight issues which included the following: Prejudice

Social And Economic Equality Of African Americans In America

1733 words - 7 pages Social and Economic Equality of African Americans in America The struggle for social and economic equality of Black people in America has been long and slow. It is sometimes amazing that any progress has been made in the racial equality arena at all; every tentative step forward seems to be diluted by losses elsewhere. For every "Stacey Koons" that is convicted, there seems to be a Texaco executive waiting to send Blacks back to the past
Fury of the Fist and the Golden Fleece | On My Block | Tsugumomo