American Media’s Goal Is To Prevent Any Bias In Reporting The News.

924 words - 4 pages

Writers in today’s media continue to make journalism a respectful profession. Through their goal of being unbiased and neutral, the standards of today’s journalist have been raised dramatically since their early beginnings in America. The standards of the modern journalist include higher education and training, which will prevent bias from their journalistic writing.
The birth of American media began in 1690 with its first newspaper that was published in Boston. The newspaper was “Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick” published by Benjamin Harris. This first newspaper consisted of just one issue, due to high resentment “about the content he reported on.” This, however, was the beginning for many other newspapers and periodicals that followed. These early journalists had slightly more education than the citizens of the day. The newspapers were initially a business in which to communicate with each other on current events in the local community and in some cases from around the world. As a business, they were mainly concerned with making money and relied on advertisements and sales to the citizens for survival. In these early years, it was common place to embellish on stories and report from the political viewpoint of its readers as well as advertisers to increase sales of their paper. During this time, it never occurred to Americans that the media should not be biased. It was commonly agreed upon that having informed leaders in government was the foundational basis of their free society. They knew that the papers of the time would come with a particular point of view that was based on the viewpoint of each papers political backer. They believed that having different partisan media factions would balance and limit opposing factions. This, they believed, would protect their freedom as a whole, due to there being many newspapers that represented multiple opinions and viewpoints. Every person had access to these papers that would challenge each other’s assertions.
Every American did agree that the freedom of the press was sacred. After the United States of America had written the Constitution, the free press was enshrined as a crucial liberty. It’s very first amendment included these words, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances” (U.S. National Archives, 2014). As America matured into a nation of leaders, the leaders in journalism also were changing as more journalists were obtaining college degrees. Americans still believed there was no bias in media until Adolph Ochs purchased, “The New York Times in 1896.” He made an announcement that beginning immediately, his newspaper would...

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