Archimedes Essay

1551 words - 6 pages

Archimedes was born in Syracuse, Sicily, in 287 B.C. His father was Philas, an aristocratic astronomer. He was educated in Alexandria, Egypt; where he met the Alexandrian scholars Conon of Samos and Eratosthenes of Cyrene. For much of his life, Archimedes kept a correspondence with these two scholars, updating them on his most recent discoveries and proofs. Archimedes spent the major part of his life in Sicily, in and around Syracuse. He did not hold any public office but devoted his entire lifetime to research and experiment. Archimedes is credited with the invention of the compound pulley, the hydraulic screw, the burning mirror, and vast improvements made on the catapult. He calculated the exact value of pi, proved that the volume of a sphere is 2/3 that of the circumscribed cylinder, and defined the law of the lever. Perhaps one of Archimedes’ most famous discoveries is the discovery of the hydrostatic principle now called the Archimedes principle. There are three different accounts of Archimedes’ death in 212 B.C. One of the most popular is that a Roman soldier came upon Archimedes while he was drawing diagrams in sand during the Roman siege of Syracuse during the Second Punic War. As legend has it, Archimedes, so involved in his calculations, had not noticed the commotion around him; he offended he intruder by saying, “Do not disturb my diagrams.” The soldier stabbed Archimedes through the chest, killing what historians call one the Three Greatest Mathematicians.
Archimedes wrote many books containing his propositions and proofs before his death, but none were so famous as The Method Treating of Mechanical Problems, or more simply known as The Method. This work is also widely known as the Archimedes Palimpsest. In this work, Archimedes describes in detail not only the problem and his solutions, but also all of his thoughts and trials along the way. The book was relocated to Jerusalem, where a monk copied it and stored it in the library. Unfortunately, during the Dark Ages, where the pursuit of science and mathematics gave way to blind faith in religion, a monk ran out of paper. He happened across The Method, and decided to purge the parchment of its original text in order to make room for a religious text. He cut the book along its binding, and washed the pages until the text was barely visible. He then wrote the new text over that of Archimedes at a perpendicular angle. The Palimpsest was kept safely hidden until 1906, when it was rediscovered—completely by chance—by Danish philologist Johan Ludvig Heiberg, who happened to be looking through the religious texts in the library. Forbidden to remove the Palimpsest from the library, he photographed each page and attempted to decipher it. In the 1920s, when Heiberg tried to go back to reference the book, he discovered it missing. It wasn’t until the 1990s that the Palimpsest was rediscovered. It sold in private auction for two million dollars. Researchers asked for...

Find Another Essay On Archimedes

Archimedes' Life and Accomplishments Essay

2028 words - 9 pages Archimedes is a well-known scientist, who started modern day science. Archimedes studied and influenced many areas of science and mathematics. Some of the areas he influenced include; astronomy, mechanics, geometry, hydrostatics, and many more. Archimedes discoveries and inventions are very helpful in the world of both mathematics and science. Many of his ideas and discoveries are the foundations of the things we know about in both science and

Archimedes of Syracuse Essay

3595 words - 14 pages Archimedes of Syracuse (278 B.C.E. - 212 B.C.E.) "The importance of the role played by Archimedes in the history of science can scarcely be exaggerated. He was emulated and admired in his own day and at successive periods in later times" (Clagett, 1). During the time period before Archimedes, Aristotle had already effectively drawn a line between philosophy and mathematics. After his date philosophy is carried on without mathematical

Archimedes: An Important Greek Figure

1148 words - 5 pages Archimedes was working diligently in his lab. He was sitting there pondering and writing furiously. He was perfecting every mark on his paper until every single digit was flawless. He was creating some of the most important concepts that would change modern life forever. He not only invented, but at the age of 15, had mastered most of the knowledge that a normal teenager would not. Archimedes, a famous inventor and math wizard, was known for his

The Life and Discoveries of Archimedes

1171 words - 5 pages The life of Archimedes impacted many people of his time because his inventions brought a new level to ancient warfare. He was also well known for being a mathematician and for his scientific writings, many of which still survive today. Archimedes was born in Syracuse, Sicily, and he lived to be seventy-five years old. This puts the date of his birth around 287 B.C., and the date of his death around 362 B.C. His father was an astronomer, and he

Archimedes and The Principle of Buoyancy

1787 words - 7 pages Archimedes is regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time, and most of his inventions, theories, and discoveries are used even to this day. Archimedes was born sometime in the year 287 BC, in Syracuse Sicily (Mac). His father, Phidias, who was an astronomer, and his mother, which little information is given about, were natives to Sicily. Archimedes is said to be related to Hiero II, meaning he would have lived a somewhat royal life

Archimedes - 287 B.C.E. to ­ 211 B.C.E. His Life and Achievements

803 words - 3 pages Archimedes is considered one of the three greatest mathematicians of all time along with Newton and Gauss. In his own time, he was known as "the wise one," "the master" and "the great geometer" and his works and inventions brought him fame that lasts to this very day. He was one of the last great Greek mathematicians.Born in 287 B.C., in Syracuse, a Greek seaport colony in Sicily, Archimedes was the son of Phidias, the astronomer not the stone

The Ancient Greeks That Made a Difference For Today

1192 words - 5 pages A majority of the mental and physical tools we use and apply today are founded in the work of the ancient Greeks. The mathematicians, engineers and scientists Pythagoras, Euclid, Archimedes, and Thales developed the knowledge, theories and ideas in which we live our lives today. Pythagoras plays a major part in modern day mathematics. Discovering a way to make “order out of chaos”, he was “often referred to as the first pure mathematician

"The Eureka Phenomenon" by Isaac Asimov

638 words - 3 pages the crown, King Hieron II had suspicions that the goldsmith had pulled a fast one on him. He believed that the crown was not 100% gold so he brought the problem to Archimedes, who had the greatest intellect of anyone in the world.Archimedes' only solution to the problem was to flatten the crown and test the volume. King Hieron immediately objected to the plan and ordered Archimedes to find another solution. Archimedes thought for countless hours

The History Of The Approximations Of PI

643 words - 3 pages The History of the Approximations of p Throughout history, many people tried to find out what the constant was of the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter. There had been many ideas and approximations given to people by the Babylonians, Egyptians, Indians and the Chinese (Archimedes Approximations of Pi). Even in the bible were there references to the approximation of pi. Finally, in 250 BC, a man named Archimedes made a major

Examination of the Densities of Different Liquids

1288 words - 5 pages The purpose of this experiment is to examine the densities of different liquids, such as soft drinks and water. This experiment will help us answer the question, “which among these liquids has the greatest density?” The data collected from this experiment will be analyzed to compare the densities of these liquids. In using the Archimedes’ Principle, this experiment will seek to examine the density of liquids rather than solids. This

Agriculture in Ancient Greece

1618 words - 6 pages . The Greeks mainly used man-made irrigation and not so much rivers or streams. Archimedes invented the Archimedes Screw, which was a tube that had a screw inside of it. The Archimedes Screw was used to raise water from a lake or stream and into an irrigation canal. This invention was so practical and useful that it is still used today. In Egypt, farmers along the Nile River use the Archimedes Screw to get water from the river (Think Quest

Similar Essays

Archimedes Essay

1721 words - 7 pages Archimedes (287BC-212BC) was truly one of the greatest mathematical minds of all time. The discoveries and inventions of Archimedes formed the basis of many of the fundamental concepts of modern physics and mathematics. Born 287 BC Archimedes grew up in the thriving commercial hub of the port city of Syracuse, Sicily. His father, Phidias, was an astronomer and mathematician and it is thought his family enjoyed the life of aristocracy. Very

Archimedes Essay

1207 words - 5 pages Missing Works Cited Born the son of an astronomer, Phidias, in 287 B.C., Archimedes' education began as a young man in Syracuse. He furthered his education in Alexandria, where he studied with fellow scholar Conon, an Egyptian mathematician. What we know of Archimedes comes from his personal works as well as those of Cicero and Plutarch. However, "due to the length of time between Archimedes' death and his biographers' accounts, as well as

Archimedes Essay

2027 words - 8 pages Archimedes, a name commonly associated with the beginning of science, was an engineer and one of the greatest mathematicians in history. His impact on modern science rests on his use of experiment and invention to test ideas and his use mathematics to describe the basic principles of physical phenomena. Knowledge of the lives of ancient philosophers like Archimedes is not prevalent. We know from his writings that he grew up and spent much of

Euclid And Archimedes Essay

1036 words - 5 pages Euclid and Archimedes are two of the most important scientists and mathematicians of all time. Their achievements and discoveries play a pivotal role in today’s mathematics and sciences. A lot of the very basic principles and core subjects of mathematics, physics, engineering, inventing, and astronomy came from the innovations, inventions, and discoveries that were made by both Euclid and Archimedes. Euclid, who lived from about 330 B.C.E. to
Dovlatov (2018) | Belgica (2016) | Read More ...