Battle Of A Continent: The Plains Of Abraham

1809 words - 7 pages

In the early 18th century, New France prospered in terms of population and agricultural production. After the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 which ended the War of the Spanish Succession, France was poised to make a decision at the bargaining table with the victor's of Britain. The contents of the cease fire also included the relinquishment of lands and France, who lost the war considerably, gave up Acadia and Île Ste. Jean only to keep the far eastern port of Louisbourg (Wikipedia, 2004). The habitant of New France heard of this and remained incognito for the moment, only to wait and see what Britain would do next. Fast forward forty years into 1755: some French colonists, who disobeyed the oath never to take up arms again and participated in raids throughout Acadia, were deemed traitors. King George III had enough with the dissent and signed a proclamation to physically remove the inhabitants of Acadia (Wikipedia, 2004). The ensuing expulsion removed over 10,000 people to lands far away and into cultures much more strange and awkward than their own (Wikipedia, 2004). At the same time this happened, a war was occurring in Europe and Britain was losing the ground battles. Seeing New France as a tremendous opportunity, Britain decided to wage war overseas in the colonies. The habitant of New France, who had remained out of the spotlight for quite some time, were about to experience the chaos and destruction of the mighty British military. Therefore, due to circumstances far beyond their control, the habitant of New France lost the battle of the Plains of Abraham and eventually the war.

Leading up to the `D-Day' of the 18th century, battles were waged throughout the Ohio River Valley which saw the French militiamen the victor's. In 1756, the French captured Oswego and one year later in 1757, they also captured Fort William Henry in present day New York (Wikipedia, 2004). This later became known as a massacre due to extensive propaganda stating that the native allies of the French savagely and belligerently slaughter the surrendering British soldiers. In reality, modern historians came to a consensus that roughly 80- 150 were killed as a result of the skirmish rather than the initial estimate of 1,500 (Wikipedia, 2004). The next year in 1758, British General James Abercrombie staged a siege on Fort Ticonderoga in the event to eliminate the French threat. However, his head strong tactics witnessed a stalemate that inevitably wore down his troops and his officer's patience. Not waiting for artillery support, out flanking the lines or even bypassing the fort entirely, Gen. Abercrombie's decision proved to be an example of military incompetence resulting in the British abandoning the cause to take the fort (Eccles, 1969). Afterwards in 1759, in the year that the fate of the continent would be decided, the British started to take better tactics which involved capturing or destroying completely the French fort of Louisbourg on Île Royale (Smith,...

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