Holodomor: Murder By Starvation Essay

1306 words - 6 pages

There is no way people can argue that the Holodomor (Soviet Famine) did not happen in Ukraine in the years of 1932 to 1933 in which it took over millions of lives in that area. This is a man- made famine which was crafted by Stalin to be a “lesson that they would never forget” for defying his collectivization plan for Ukraine, the now part of USSR. The Holodomor literal means murder by starvation in which the people were systematical deprived of food by either of having impossible quotas that the government place or militarily blocking outside aid. Unlike the Holocaust, the Holodomor is not very well known or documented, thus many countries in the World question if this event is really a genocide that Stalin created or just a tragedy set on the Ukrainian people history. Today there is effort to gain global awareness of this genocide.
If a person goes back in history of Ukraine, he or she can easily see why Stalin might target this place to install his idea in. Ukraine is the “breadbasket of Europe” in which the USSR gets its grain to feed its empire. In 1929, the Central Committee of the Soviet Union's Communist Party decided to introduce a program of collectivization to the farmers of Ukraine. This forced the farmers to give up all private property: lands, livestock, and farming equipment. By doing this Stalin hoped to feed the industry workers in the cities and export the product to other countries in hope to gain profit to help him fund his industry plans. Private farmers were to be completely being replaced by collective farming or known in Ukraine as kolkhozes. Many of these private farmers, who sought for independence, refused to join collective farming because it resembled early serfdom in that region. Stalin introduces the idea of “class warfare” in which he tried to break down the resistance of these farmers. These “wealthy” farmers were decreed enemy to the state or known as kulaks in Russia and brutal force was used on them. Twenty-five thousand young communist from the city were sent into the countryside in order to induce the transition. These people were known as Twenty-Five Thousander. They used brutal force by arresting the most prominent villagers and sending them into labors camps somewhere in the USSR or send the villager to Siberia without any provisions.
In spite of the people’s resistance, by 1930 seventy percent of the farms in Ukraine belonged to 28,000 collective farms and 1.5 million Ukrainian people fell victim to Stalin dekulakization polices. Then the terror begins with taking away of food, cruelty to the resister, deportation and execution of people with different view point, increasing quotas to be filled and mass starvation. But the kolkhozes overall failed to produce the results that were expected, therefore Stalin sought someone to blame. He had claimed that the failure of collectivization was because a grand “sabotage plan by the kulaks.” This people were the “wealthy” peasants who were...

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