Cinco de Mayo means the fifth of May. It is not an independence day for Mexico like most unknowledgeable people think. Mexican Independence Day is celebrated on the 15th of September. Mexico declared independence from Spain on the 24th of August 1821. Cinco de Mayo is not an American holiday either. Mexico and the United States savor this holiday because it is the day where Mexican peasants/ commoners defeated the French and Mexican traitor army that double them in size in Puebla, Mexico one hundred miles away from Mexico city on the 5th of May, 1862.
The French had landed in Mexico along with Spanish and English troops five months earlier to collect unpaid debts. In 1855Benito Juarez (minister of justice) issued reforms called by Ley Juarez when he took control of the capitol in 1861 and created a national debt. On July 17, 1861 he issued a statement that all foreign debts would temporarily be stopped for two years, then payments would resume. The English, Spanish, and French were unhappy with this gesture and went to Mexico to make them pay. The English and Spanish negotiated with the Mexicans and then left. But the French stayed because they wanted to create an empire in Mexico under Napoleon the Third. It is also said that Napoleon wanted to check the powers of the United States before it got too powerful.
Napoleon also brought in a new Hapsburg prince who he thought would help him rule the Mexican Empire. His name was Maximilian and his wife's name was Carolota. Napoleon's army hadn't been defeated in over 50 years.
The French army invaded Mexico with the finest and most modern day armory and ammunition. They also had a newly constituted foreign legion. The French, at the time feared no one.
The French then left the port of Vera Cruz to attack Mexico City from the west. The French thought that the Mexicans would give up should their capitol fall to the enemy as the European countries traditionally did. Under the command of Texas born General Zaragosa, and under Calvary command of Colonel Porfirio Diaz, later to be Mexico's president and dictator,...