Coping and Self-regulation (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome)
"Alcohol use during pregnancy is related to physiological difficulties in newborns" (Colburn, 1996). Coping with the abnormalities of fetal alcohol syndrome and becoming a self regulated person can be very hard; however, it has been and can be done. First of all, an early diagnosis of FAS leads to an improved prognosis. A child who is diagnosed early on can then be placed into developmentally appropriate education classes according to the severity of their FAS and better achieve their full educational potential. Social services also offer advice, guidance, and help if it is needed. Children who receive respite care and stress or behavioral management have more positive outcomes than the children who do not receive any special help. Since FAS can effect so many different parts of the body such as the nervous system, and can cause hyperactivity, mental retardation, and deficiencies in weight, height, and brain size, understanding FAS helps family and school personnel deal with the child and his or her behaviors as they might be unusual and out of the ordinary (Colburn, 1996).
A loving home is vital for every child but especially for children with FAS. The reason is that children with FAS can be particularly sensitive to disruptions, unstable lifestyles, and harmful relationships. Children with FAS need good role models because they must be taught how to properly show their anger or frustration in a nonviolent manner. Children who have FAS and who are exposed to violence are very likely to grow up and be violent themselves. All around support from the community and the family is needed in helping raise a child with FAS. It is important to try and prevent secondary conditions, which are conditions a child acquires and is not born with, from forming and evolving into bigger and bigger problems.
Many mental health problems are a result of FAS. Cognitive disorders, psychiatric illnesses, and psychological dysfunctions are just a few of the problems that...