Do you bake? Can you tell the difference between baking powder and corn starch? They are very similar in appearance; but if the incorrect ingredient is used in a recipe, the outcome can be disastrous. By comparison, the proposed needs of Maslow, McClelland and Deci and Ryan’s theories may all appear to be alike but are different in terms of motivating humans. The following discussion will differentiate the needs in each theory. Understanding and accepting the differences is necessary in order to make a recipe for success in motivating yourself and others.
Maslow’s Need Theory
Maslow’s theory of needs is a progression of needs from physiological, safety, love, esteem, and ultimately self-actualization. The motivations behind the needs are for humans to fill a need(s) and be the best person they can be. Each level of need has a positive result if filled, or a negative result if not filled.
McClelland’s Need Theory
McClelland’s theory of needs is based on learning from life experience, coupled with negative and positive consequences. A person’s motivation and effectiveness in a job position is influenced by their learned needs of achievement, affiliation and power. The positive sides of these people are they prefer moderate levels of difficulty in their work; prefer to be successful in their efforts leaving nothing to chance, and welcome feedback about success and failure. The negative side is reluctance to take risks with job tasks, only want to work with equal achievers, and having personal power over others can breed reluctance from followers.
Deci and Ryan’s Need Theory
Deci and Ryan’s need theory stems from the self-determination theory (SDT). The theory describes three intrinsic needs in order to motivate oneself to self-determination. Those needs are: competence, relatedness and autonomy. This theory also has positive and negative consequences. With positive feedback competence grows. In a workplace with no authoritarian control or restrictions motivates autonomy and interest. Working in a group or committee encourages relatedness and camaraderie. The negative aspects include: the lack of competency with negative feedback, lack of autonomy with strict control, and the feeling of...