The advancement of the United States as a multicultural nation has also created the evolution of public administration. The introduction of new cultures, race, and ethnic diversities has created adjustments to the creation of public programs and services. In particular, affirmative action is the single factor that is stimulating public programs and services relating to racial and ethnic diversity. There isn’t any area in public administration which is not influenced by policy and laws governed by affirmative action.
Affirmative action is defined as the body of laws and policies, which decrease the effects of discrimination. The intention of Affirmative action is to establish an equal opportunity for individuals, which have previously conflicted with prejudice. The eligibility of affirmative action is based on race, ethnicity, and gender. In addition, affirmative action policies are established to create employment and educational possibilities for both minorities and women. In fact, there are some companies, which require an affirmative action plan. However, this rule only applies to businesses, which employ over 15 individuals or conduct federal contracts. Businesses that fall into the criteria are required to write and abide by this plan. In order to measure effectiveness, the affirmative action plan must follow particular goals and preferences established to balance irregularities in ethnic, racial, and gender populations of an organization. Neglecting to follow the rules of affirmative action could lead to the loss of government contracts or worse.
It is also important to acknowledge that all public sectors are governed by affirmative action. This basically translates to every agency and bureau being obliged to obey affirmative action rules and guidelines. In regards to public administrators, they are obligated to establish affirmative action plans or exercise affirmative action through the hiring process.
The intention of Affirmative action policies is to reduce the discrimination for minorities, women and individuals with disabilities. An effective affirmative action plan factors in statistical analysis´s of the business in which individuals from particular minorities are balanced into the rest of the group. In odd cases, affirmative action is voluntary, but there are often scenarios in which it can be mandated.
It´s also important to mention that Affirmative Action is often viewed as a negative act by the general public. The simple fact that white Americans who are qualified for a position would be overlooked to a minority that is not as qualified for the simply because it’s the law became the misconception. Affirmative action is an act, which permits applicants the equal competency, and in scenarios were there is differences in the groups will one applicant be selected over another. Technically, affirmative action cannot permit one individual to have an advantage over another; however, it allows minorities to be...