Psychological Egoism Theory Essay

2240 words - 9 pages

The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and activities that she spent her life doing. As Hinman (2007) points out, she was likely to reduce in activity if she experienced any dissatisfaction in her endeavors.
Therefore, no matter how much altruism theorists try to argue about the degree of inclination of an action towards non self-interest, the two can never be separated (Hinman, 2007). That is the nature of human behavior that we are all motivated by self interest in any action that we undertake. Hugh (1898) observed that altruism actions are a disguised form of self seeking pleasure nature of human beings. This paper will explore the points that support the theory this theory with expounded explanation that approve the plausibility of psychological egoism theory. It will also look at the old ideas and compare them with the modern ones. This essay will further discuss the psychological egoism theory is descriptive that carries the doctrine that weak side of psychological egoism to enhance objectivity.

Psychological egoism theory is descriptive in nature. It carries the doctrine that every action that is performed by a person has self-interests in it. This is the nature of human beings has a motive that serves the welfare of the agent. People keep their motives hidden from others to serve their interest of maintaining a good name in the community (Hugh, 1898). The theory is closely linked psychological altruism or psychological ecologism, but they differ from each other with a significant degree. In his argument, Hinman (2007) asserts that every action that people engage in is motivated by self-interests or pleasure or direct benefits the agent or to avoid living with guilt in the future. This is the nature of human beings. Even the most altruistic action is in actual sense motivated by the egocentric desire of the actor (Hugh, 1898).
Hugh (1898) further argues that people recognize that they are motivated, in most if not all cases by their need to advance their self-interest. However, when they reflect on this issue, they are mistaken by the urge to believe that the truth is the centrally of this. Actions that are meant to show concern for other people, such as helping the needy are self-satisfying to the actor, and they expect that they will their reputation in the society and obtain returned favors. A good example is that of political aspirant who might engage in a lot of philanthropic activities in his community to win the support of his constituents.

Helping people is a noble thing to do especially when it comes to the...

Find Another Essay On Psychological Egoism Theory

Ethics and Emotions Essay

511 words - 2 pages gain different experiences.Psychological Egoism is when a person is oriented towards his/her own welfare, and the object of every one of his voluntary actions is some good to himself. If someone gives away the last piece of bread to someone else, it is because they want to look like a better person, due to the fact that they would give away the last piece of bread. Psychological egoism is referring as "selfishness," which I totally disagree. When

Psychological Egoism Essay

618 words - 2 pages as Freudian psychoanalysis. As Karl Popper has argued, any theory can be maintained so long as it is drained of empirical content. Like psychoanalysis, psychological egoism makes no genuine claims and can never be refuted. But it purchases certainty at the price of becoming vacuous. I shall have more to say on this below.The simplest way to see the egoist's mistake is to distinguish between the side-effects of an action and the reason for which

Hedonism Two Ways

1692 words - 7 pages . Feinberg, Joel. “Psychological Egoism.” Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues. Eds. Steven M. Cahn and Peter Markie. New York: Oxford UP, 2009. 548-555. Print. Frankena, William K. Ethics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1973. Print. Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic, 1974. Print.

Psychological Egoism

1980 words - 8 pages Psychological Egoism: Every person is oriented towards his (or her) own welfare, and the object of every one of his voluntary actions is some good to himself.Psychological egoism is a reflex that every person has to orient themselves toward their own welfare. Through this, it follows that every one of his (or her) voluntary actions is some good to himself. If someone gives away the last piece of bread to someone else, it is because they want to

Rational Expectation Theory and Ideological Factor of National Security

676 words - 3 pages identifies a single rationality with rational self-interest , motivation for the traditional Homo economicus. On this definition , theories of rational expectations and participate in some form of psychological egoism (at least in economic matters ), which is the view that human beings act solely out of self-interest . Despite the widespread popularity of psychological egoism , and proof of this is unclear. Again, however , the goal here is not to

Torchwood, Egoism, and Utilitarianism

2074 words - 8 pages Torchwood’s third season “Children of Earth,” contains many momentous events which question human rationality, having good sagacity, judgment, and equanimity. Throughout these events two ethical philosophies unravel. The first philosophy, egoism, actions with solely one’s interests in mind, plays a major role in the season. Ethical egoists believe that one should look out for no one else but themselves, and a theory of psychological egoism

Morality and Sociological views of philosophy

1402 words - 6 pages egoism state of mind can be a descriptive or a normative position. Psychological egoism asserts that each person has one ultimate endeavor: his or her own welfare. Normative forms of egoism make claims about what one should to do, rather than describe what one does do. Ethical egoism suggests that it is necessary and sufficient for an action to be morally right that it maximizes a person's self-interest. Rational egoism claims that it is necessary

Same sex marriage

735 words - 3 pages Egoism is a teleological theory of ethics that sets as its goal the benefit, pleasure, or greatest good of the oneself alone.Ethical egoism is the normative ethical position that moral agents ought to do what is in their own self-interest. It is important to distinguish this from psychological egoism, the claim that people can only act in their own interest. Any act, no matter how altruistic it might seem, is actually motivated by some selfish

Kant´s Theory on a Happy Life

1500 words - 6 pages . Kant does mention the aspect of intentionality, which I whole heartedly agree on, if one person such as a boy dates a girl with only one thing in mind (laying her down in a bed) then his intentions are not morally good, but rather the opposite. However, according to psychological egoism, a self- motive thought is seen as right, to be exact that is the whole basis behind psychological egoism which is to act self-interestedly. Therefore I agree

Ethical Philosophy

1349 words - 5 pages acquiring vices or bad character traits instead. Vices include cowardice, insensibility, injustice, and obsessive vanity.Egoism is a benefit as well as a fallacy that all humans possess. The egoism state of mind can be a descriptive or a normative position. Psychological egoism asserts that each person has one ultimate endeavor: his or her own welfare. Normative forms of egoism make claims about what one should to do, rather than describe what one

The Evolving Repercussions of Political Philosophy

1629 words - 7 pages were given authority to rule over the rest. At the same time, he did not reject the idea of monarchy. He believed that a king or monarch of some type must be in power to enforce laws and obligations over a certain land. This theory was based off of both the idea of Psychological Egoism and the idea of the hypothetical state of nature. Psychological Egoism states that human nature and the laws of the universe are parallel in function. From

Similar Essays

Psychological Egoism Essay

803 words - 4 pages of the claim that humans are invariably motivated by self interest. In the philosophy there have been numerous debates concerning whether this theory is true. Intellectuals who propose this theory are known as psychological egoists. Psychological egoism argues that we are driven to pursue our own self interests by nature and we cannot do otherwise (Chaffee 443). Many opponents of psychological egoism believe in psychological altruism which states

Psychological Egoism In Plato's Republic And Other Literature

1823 words - 7 pages In Plato’s Republic and in Rachels' Egoism and Moral Scepticism, the authors attempt to combat psychological egoism, which is the ethical theory which asserts that all human motivation is ultimately self-interested. Each author rejects the possibility of this being a valid conclusion of philosophical ethics, and each instead offers an alternate solution to the origin of human motivation. Whether we are capable of acting out of non self

Psychological And Ethical Egoism Essay

1877 words - 8 pages Egoism is a teleological theory of ethics that sets the ultimate criterion of morality in some nonmoral value (i.e. happiness or welfare) that results from acts (Pojman 276). It is contrasted with altruism, which is the view that one's actions ought to further the interests or good of other people, ideally to the exclusion of one's own interests (Pojman 272). This essay will explain the relation between psychological egoism and ethical

Psychological Egoism Essay

3651 words - 15 pages veracity of the claim that humans are invariably motivated by self interest. In the philosophy there have been numerous debates concerning whether this theory is true. Intellectuals who propose this theory are known as psychological egoists. Psychological egoism argues that we are driven to pursue our own self interests by nature and we cannot do otherwise (Chaffee 443). Many opponents of psychological egoism believe in psychological altruism which
1x13 Garo | RoboCop 2 BluRay Download Torrent Ação / Clássico / Ficção / Policial / Suspense Idioma: Inglês / Português 1990 MKV Torrent DownloadVídeo 10 / Áudio 10Sinopse: O Policial robô androide enfrenta gangue de traficantes de drogas. Ao mesmo tempo, o império corporativo que o criou está lançando um robô...

| Kirim app Anda