The purpose of this study was to examine self-identified Hmong individuals’ relationships between acculturation and stress influences, focusing on responses to the Suinn-Lew Asian Self Identity Acculturation (SL-ASIA) and Perceived Stress Scale – 10 Item (PSS-10) questionnaires. Through the use of quantitative research, the researcher collected questionnaires from Qualtrics, an online software program. Similar studies, such as this could potentially raise awareness regarding the differences between Asian individuals and the subsequent need to develop customized services for those experiencing acculturation and stress concerns. This chapter is intended to summarize the study’s findings, the relationship to the existing literature, limitations, and implications for future studies.
Summary of Findings
Among the 21 respondents, majority were Hmong (n = 19, 90.5%) who identified as gay (n = 7, 33%). Most of the participants were single (n = 18, 85.7%), born in the United States (n = 17, 82%), in their third year of college (n = 6, 28.6%), employed (n = 17, 82%), either Christian (n = 5, 23.8) or Shaman (n = 5, 23.8), have come out around 12 to 16 years old (n = 12, 57.1%), and have come out to at least one family member (n = 15, 71.4%).
The SL-ASIA was developed by Suinn, Ahuna and Khoo (1992) and is utilized to measure the various levels of acculturation. A score can range from 1 being the least acculturated to 5 being the most acculturated. Majority of the participants’ (n = 21, 100%) responses reported being at a middle range (M = 3.17), perceiving one as bicultural or equally acculturated to both interacting cultures.
Cohen’s (1983) PSS-10 measures the degree to which individuals view their lives as stressful. The scores are obtained by reversing four positively stated items (4, 5, 7, and 8) and then summing all ten items. Those with higher scores indicate chronic stress. It is noted that the PSS is not a diagnostic instrument. Thus, there are no cut-offs for high, medium, or low stress. In support of this statement, Cohen and Janicki-Deverts (2012) have published a normative data for PSS-10 based on a probability sample of the U.S. These are only comparisons between people within its own sample. Based on Cohen and Janicki-Deverts’ (2012) normative data, age (less than 25: n = 223, M = 16.78, SD = 6.86; 25-34: n = 433, M = 17.46, SD = 7.31) and race (other minority: n = 84, M = 17.44, SD = 7. 67) parallel with the current study (n = 21, M = 17.33, SD = 5.0).
Based on the proposed study, acculturation was hypothesized to correlate with social stress. Contrary to predictions, the results did not support the hypothesis. Although participants scored slightly higher than the norms, acculturation was insignificantly related to stress. Therefore, no significant differences were found between Asian Americans’ levels of acculturation and stress. Even though the findings of this study had no significance, support from...