Exploring Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Regarding Treatment Seeking Of Malaria And Adherence To Treatment

1501 words - 7 pages


1. Problem Statement (Background of the Study) 3
2. Objectives of the Research 4
3. Research Design and Methodology 4
4. Measures to Address Ethical Concerns 6
5. Study Audiances and Utilization of Results 6
6. Limitations of the Study 6
7. Process of the Study and Time Table 7
8. Resources Required for the Study 7

1. Problem Statement (Background of the Study)
According to the World Malaria Report produced by World Health Organization in 2008 (WHO, 2008), Malaria morbidity rate in Myanmar was 10.15 per 1,000 population and mortality rate was 2.68 per 100,000 population. There were 4.2 million malaria cases (0.87 to 8.5 million) in 2006 of which approximately 75 percent were caused by Plasmodium falciparum. The report estimated the number of Malaria deaths in 2006 at 9,100 (2,400 to 17,000).
In the last decade, oral artemisinin‐based combination therapies have proved effective in the treatment of falciparum malaria, and play an important role in reducing morbidity and mortality of malaria. Unfortunately, there is growing evidence that artemisinin resistant parasites, which were first detected around the Thai‐Cambodian border, occur also in certain parts of Myanmar.
In 2009, sentinel sites have been established in two townships in Myanmar (Shwe Kyin from Bago Division and Kawthaung from Thanintharyi Division) to monitor anti-malaria drug resistance and the data showed that there is suspected resistance to artimisinin in Myanmar which needs urgent action.
Table 1.1 Efficacy results in Kawthaung at 2009
Coartem (Arthemeter + Lumefenterine) Duocotexin Chloroquine
28 days finished 80 80 61
Clinical &
parasitological failure 6 4 12
% parasitaemia Day1 52 (65.0%) 76 (95.8%) 35 (57.4%)
% parasitaemia Day2 30 (37.5%) 54 (67.5%) 9 (14.1%)
% parasitaemia in Day3 5 (6.25.%) 15 (18.75%) 2 (3.3%)
*** Persistence of P.f parasites on day 3 of treatment. Need to be addressed effectively.

Table 1.2 Morbidity Rate, Mortality Rate, Percentage of Malaria Cases Admitted to Out Patient Department and Case Fatality Fate of Kawthaung Township
Morbidity Rate per 100,000 pop Mortality Rate per 100,000 pop Percentage of Malaria Cases admitted at Out Patient Department Case Fatality Rate
3,934.80 4.30 31.54 2.91
Indiscriminate wide spread use of artemisinin based mono‐therapies (AMTs) for the treatment of falciparum Malaria is likely to create emergence of artemisinin resistant parasites (WHO, 2008). Approximately, 60‐75 percent of people in Myanmar are thought to use the private sector for health care and the vast majority of these are likely to receive AMTs. Both the frequency of use of AMTs and the quantity of fake and substandard drugs in circulation are believed to be high in Myanmar.
In Kawthaung Township, there is the high number of migrants/ mobile populations involving primarily in forestry and plantation work and these population groups can play a key role in the transfer of tolerant/resistant...

Find Another Essay On Exploring knowledge, attitude and practices regarding treatment seeking of malaria and adherence to treatment

Study and Comparison the Knowledge of Medical and Public Health Students about Control and Treatment of TB with DOTS Strategy

1102 words - 5 pages In a study by Jamaati et al., which was conducted to investigate the factors affecting the failure of tuberculosis treatment, following results were obtained. Precise control and supervision of TB with DOTS, reducing delay in definitive treatment of tuberculosis, giving patients more information about their disease, prescription proper treatment and medication by physicians, starting quadruple therapeutic regimen, and full duration of TB

Exploring Treatment of Women in Nineteenth Century through Literature

2959 words - 12 pages Exploring Treatment of Women in Nineteenth Century through Literature In the Nineteenth Century, women were treated very differently to the way they are today. Modern day society relies on the basis that there should be equality between men and women in all aspects of life and there have been laws put in place such as the Sex Discrimination Act to help reflect these policies. Authors who lived during the Nineteenth

A Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Survey regarding Sex, Contraception and Sexually Transmitted Diseases among Commerce College Students in Mumbai.

3038 words - 13 pages attitude regarding sexual intercourse and have also admitted to having more than one sexual partner. In the times of the current AIDS pandemic, the significance of avoiding multiple sexual partners and safe sex practices should be stressed to them. 5. Pre-marital sex is much more common than once thought, again stressing the need for sexuality education and counseling on safe sex practices. Sexuality education must be a continuous process and

Treatment Planning and Treatment Summary

968 words - 4 pages reaction encourages or discourages the behavior and generate alternatives to the problem behavior. Teach parent how to implement key parenting practices consistently including establishing realistic age-appropriate rules for acceptance and nonacceptance behavior. 4. Identified Problem: Occupational Problem Treatment Goals: Develop long-term plan to meet financial needs. Obtain new employment. Accept job loss and return to previous level of

Types and Treatment of Schizophrenia

1874 words - 7 pages incurable, there are several options for one suffering from one of the types of schizophrenia on maintaining healthy, normal and functional lives. Psychologists can aid in the treatment by prescribing combination medications like antipsychotics and antipsychotics to individuals diagnosed with all types of schizophrenia. Maintaining the amount and continuity of the dosages results in the achievement of treatment. Close family and friends need to

Causes and Treatment of Phenylketonuria

1585 words - 6 pages ). Keith F. Widaman in his article “Phenylketonuria in Children and Mothers” also points that untreated PKU in childhood and in new born babies can cause extreme and “permanent brain damage” and that it has not been discovered the cause that high level of phenylalanine has on the brain; “the exact nature of the biological impact on neuronal function is not yet understood” (Widaman, 48). Even though it is important to start the treatment early in

Type of Burns and Treatment

1209 words - 5 pages , and third-degree. Treatment for burns, of course, will be based on the classification of the burn, whether it is first-degree (minor), second-degree (moderate), or third-degree (critical). First-degree burns, also known as superficial burns, penetrate part of the epidermis but they do not go completely through it. Even though it does not reach the dermis, first-degree burns cause the dermis to become red and swollen. There are many symptoms

Pathophysiology and Treatment of Hypertension

1024 words - 5 pages complications such as heart failure, stroke and renal failure (Battlegay, Lip & Bakris, 2005). From this research, it is proven that losartan is a desirable drug for the treatment of hypertension induced by the overproduction of angiotensin II in a dysfunctional renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. This is due to its effectiveness in reducing the blood pressure by blocking the sites of AT1 receptors and thus promoting vasodilation and reduction

Diagnosis and Treatment of Schizophrenia

1509 words - 7 pages also it is possible to reduce the chances of severe relapse by recognising the symptoms, taking the medication and talking about the condition to others. On this assignment will evaluate the diagnosis and treatment for schizophrenia. Also discuss the symptoms in a positive and negative way along with the process of diagnosis. Moreover will state the diagnostic principles and impact access. Finally resolve the discussion of treatment and evaluate

Causes and treatment of acne

1410 words - 6 pages prescriptions. Topical medicines, such as gels, creams, solutions, and soaps that are applied to the face are sometimes used with the combination of systematic medications that are taken by mouth such as antibiotics ("Questions and Answers about Acne: NIAMS11").Treatment for blackheads, whiteheads, and mild acne are usually controlled by OTC products or a topical prescription. The most common topical OTC products contain benzoyl peroxide, resorcinol

Scientific Advancements to the Study and Treatment of Cancer

1285 words - 6 pages “The origin of the word cancer is credited to the Greek physician Hippocrates (460-370 BC), who is considered the “Father of Medicine.” (American Cancer Society) Cancer has become in the last years the second leading death in America and it was also in 2012 accounted for 8.2 billion deaths around the world but this silent killer has been around for a long time; Scientist have discover that in the earliest civilizations as the Egyptians, human

Similar Essays

The Causes Of Malaria And Treatment Options

1818 words - 7 pages it to inject it inside of you. When you inject it inside of you, it kills the parasites that are in the bloodstream. They can also use quinine, pyrimethamine and some antibiotics if the other treatment does not show effective results. (Malaria, 76, Diseases) However it also depends on what type of Malaria you have, because if a person has been infected with Malaria all his/her life they are much more resistant to it while if a person that has

The Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Of Safe Sex Behavior Among Sex Workers

2348 words - 9 pages . Another study conducted on female prostitutes in Phnom Penh, Cambodia focussed on the progress in the knowledge, attitude and practice over the years from 2000 to 2004. It was found that their awareness regarding AIDS – its signs and symptoms and the importance of condom use had increased from 90% to 96% .However, still 30% prostitutes out of a total of 131 participating women reported that they did not use condoms 10% of the times they

Study And Comparison The Knowledge Of Medical And Public Health Students About Control And Treatment Of Tb With Dots Strategy

1094 words - 5 pages Afghanistan (which are among most contaminated regions in the world), our country is at serious risk of this disease. TB epidemiological indicators are: annual infection rate, the incidence of disease, rate of complete cure, rate of relapse or treatment failure and drug resistance rate. These rates vary in different regions and cities. Several factors are involved in this issue. One of them can be the knowledge and attitude of health care professionals

Study And Comparison The Knowledge Of Medical Students And Public Health About Control And Treatment Of Tb With Dots Strategy

695 words - 3 pages In this descriptive - analytical research, the rate of knowledge, diagnosis and treatment of TB and DOTS Strategy in 90 public health and medical students who were chosen by a stratified and simple random method, was evaluated. The results showed that the mean score of health students' knowledge about TB and DOTS was less than mediocre (9.24±2.091 score of 20). Findings also indicated that their knowledge was low (8.67±1.954 score of 20). In the
American Pie 2 | PowerPoint Masterclass Create Interactive Presentations | Kuni Hashimoto