Imagine being 13 and spending 12 hours a day in underground tunnels pulling coal cars for wages that were hardly enough to buy food. Or having to spend 12-16 hours a day in hazy factories just to make ends meet. That’s what many people’s lives in the industrial revolution were like. Although it had many benefits, there were many problems with the factory system. Workers suffered from battling frequent unemployment, dangerous working conditions, along with extremely low wages and long hours, and how the government dealt with these problems.
The population in the industrial revolution had increased so rapidly there were people everywhere and all looking for jobs. It was rare for a person to work at one factory or job for their entire lives. Either they would screw up and be replaced or because of the unsafe conditions, they would be injured and unable to work, therefore being put out of a job. There were many new factories being built creating new jobs for people. This was competitive between the people because they all wanted to be hired. Older factories were being changed with new machinery either creating new jobs or getting rid of old ones.
Factories were not very sanitary or safe places to work but people needed the money so they had no choice but to work where they could. The fumes from machines along with poor ventilation made the air foul and hard to breathe (Beers, p.77). This could lead to further health problems or just make life that little bit more unpleasant. Loud machines and dozens of workers caused loud noises that assaulted the ear (Beers, p. 77). This was not only unpleasant but could have later effects on hearing. There were countless unskilled workers so they didn’t know all the tricks to running the machines. Accidents occurred frequently, but workers injured on the job didn’t get any compensation. If the injury was severe enough to keep a worker from working he was out of a job and unable to make a wage.
Unskilled workers were not the most efficient at the jobs they often had to do and so their wages were very low. This forced the workers to have long work days often 12-16 hours or sunrise to sunset (Beers, p....