Fascism In The 1920's And 1930's

1152 words - 5 pages

During the 1800's Europe had been the cultural, military, political, and the financial center of the world. Political Liberalism and parliamentary institutions was prosperous. After World War I the world faced economic disasters.

In the years following the First World War, a new era of democracy seemed to be unfolding and it was looked promising. The autocratic regimes in Russia, Germany and Austria, were all overthrown and replaced by republics. The seven new states in Europe all had a republican form of government. Democracy seemed to be doing good in the post-war world.

European economy was in a desperate situation. They had to borrow money to cover the cost of the war. Their debt needed to be paid and they didn't have any money. So the British borrowed from the United States.

Two decades following World War I, many democratic countries in Europe were taken over by some kind of dictatorship. Russia became a Communist state. Italy and Germany became Fascist states. Of the powers in Europe, only Britain and France remained democratic. Actually the First World War brought some negative effects to Europe.

Germany and her allies were blamed for the war. The Treaty of Versailles said that they had to pay for the cost of the war. The Treaty of Versailles is what caused World War II. If it had been less harsh on Germany, the Weimar Republic would have been stronger and would not have faced as much economic and social turmoil. Had the treaty been harsher, Germany would not have had the power to make war.

In order for Germany to pay the debt that they owed they kept changing the value of their currency. This action caused inflation. The Bourgeoisie was suffering greatly from inflation as well. Inflation stole the value of their labor, and also the work of their savings, and insurance. People were losing their jobs, and starvation was killing off people.

In 1929, the United States stock market crashed. This made for a world disaster. The British borrowed money form the United States to pay off their war debts, and now the money wasn't there. The stock market crash had a domino effect on the whole world. The world began to fall apart. People tried to start new governments but they didn't last long before they failed.

Meanwhile, while the whole world is falling to pieces, Hitler comes along. Hitler offers the people of Germany peace, and food. Little did the people know what they were going to go through to get these things.

Before Hitler came along the people had a democratic government. The individuals had freedom of speech, and of the press, of petition, and of assembly, and freedom from arrest for political opinions. They could form political parties, and elect the party or the parties they liked to rule.

By letting Hitler take over they were giving up all this. They would now be Fascist states. Within these states, the individuals had no right of free speech, free publications, and...

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