Food Security In The Democratic Republic Of Congo

980 words - 4 pages

Script for Geography
Good morning/afternoon
Today I will talk about food security in the Democratic Republic of Congo. DR Congo is an African country that consists of over 2,300,000 square kilometres (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The population in DR Congo is around seventy-five and a half million people with an average life expectancy of 56 years, a lot shorter than Australians (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The religion consists of Roman Catholic, Protestant and Muslims plus some other smaller religions (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The capital city is called Kinshasa, with other large cities called Lubumbashi, Mbuji-Mayi and Kananga (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The Democratic Republic of Congo is very poor and the value of goods produced per capita is only $231, but on the rise (Knoema Atlas , 2012). In this poor country it is expected that it has a high poverty rate and it does, with over 70% of the population living in poverty (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). In addition the urbanisation rate is only 35% (US State Department, 2009). The climate in DR Congo is hot and humid as it is close to the equator. There is (United Nations Environment Programme, 2012)very little rainfall near the coast but increases as you go inland (Lonely Planet, 2014). This country is located in the central part of Africa. In DR Congo there are two main types of biomes, tropical rainforest and moist savannah (United Nations Environment Programme, 2012). Tropical rainforests exist in central and northern parts of DR Congo, while the moist savannah mainly exists in the southern parts of DR Congo (United Nations Environment Programme, 2012). Tropical rainforests are normally hot and humid and have a lot of rainfall (Stockton, 2014). Savannahs normally have warm summers and cool winters. Summer is when this biome receives most rainfall; as winter is normally dry (Stockton, 2014). Both these biomes are great for agriculture as they both have rich, fertile soil. In DR Congo the stable foods consists of Cassava, roots of a tropical plant, Bananas, Palm nuts and oranges (Our Africa, 2010). In DR Congo there are two main agriculture regions, Plains of the east and the south and the eastern highlands (The Washington Post Company, 2001). In the plains coffee beans, potatoes and leeks are grown, while in the highlands tomatoes, sweet potatoes, yum and pumpkins are grow as the temperatures are cool and there is more fertile soil (The Washington Post Company, 2001). DR Congo is ranked 107th (the worst) in the world (Global Food Security Index, 2013). This ranking is produced by the lack of food affordability, food availability and more importantly the quality and safety of the food (Global Food Security Index, 2013). Every country, whether it’s DR Congo or America, have some strengths when it comes to food security. For DR Congo their strengths are agricultural import tariffs (affordability), Volatility of agriculture...

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