Functions of Management
The four functions of management are: planning, organizing, leading and controlling. Management is defined by many different authors as the process in which individuals motivate others to achieve a common goal. To be an effective manager you must not fail at any of the four functions or your team will not meet its common goals.
When defining the four functions of management James Higgins suggested in his article entitled “the five functions of management” that there are five areas which are planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. James Higgins suggests that by using these five functions of management you can have “success is gained through accomplishment of mission and objectives” (Higgins 1994, par11). Higgins also suggests that is a manager fails at doing any of the functions that they fail to reach their goals because they lacked both efficiency and effectiveness. While management is the process of people working together to achieve their common goals, they depend upon the four functions to get these goals met.
My organization is a youth center that deals with children ranging from ages five to sixteen years old. We are basically an after school program and open all day when there is no school. While we have anywhere from twenty to seventy children in the building on a daily basis we all have to have work as a team to provide a place where children get the help to do their homework and have fun leaning about the themed events. While we are a youth center we do use the four functions of management on a daily basis when we are planning the events, organizing them, leading everyone into the groups, or controlling the outcome of what is learned. All area of management is being used.
The first function is planning. Planning has been defined as “The management function of systematically making decisions about the goals and activities that an individual, a group, a work unit, or the overall organization will pursue” (Bateman & Snell 2007, pg 16). What this function of management entails is the process where you determine the goals and objectives while anticipating the future. The youth center uses this process by planning the themed events for the week. Each of these themed events must have a goal that teaches the child. In the planning phase you have to determine what resources will need to be found to achieve the themed goal for the children. For instance, if the themed goal was the ocean at this time you would begin to plan the events like making model fish out of paper plates for the younger groups or finding a worksheet where the older children would be able to label the different parts of a fish.
The second function is organizing which has been defined as “The management function of assembling and coordinating human, financial, physical, informational, and other resources needed to achieve goals” (Bateman & Snell 2007, pg 17). What this function of management entails is the process...