Ghandi Essay

630 words - 3 pages

In 1869, Mohandas K. Gandhi was born in northwest India. When he was a young
Man, he traveled to England to receive his college education and law degree. Upon returning to India he set out to change how the West was colonizing and industrializing his country, and set life to a new sort of technique that would change India, and give a new perspective, and shed light on Indian culture, and civilization. His techniques revolved around passive and calm responses instead of wild and violent responses to the British. His term "satygraha" meant "truth and firmness" which was a method of passive resistance to provoke a response. This is how Gandhi received respect and honor from his followers, and the people of Indian civilizations. He states that "passive resistance is a method of securing rights by personal suffering; it is the reverse of resistance by arms." He states "when I refuse to do a thing that is repugnant to my conscience, I use soul-force." Gandhi would fast for weeks at a time until the people would listen and he would get a reaction from them. The term "swadeshi" is defined as a self reliance, which means the reliance on one's own power or judgments; self trust.

Gandhi's critique of western civilization was one of dislike and opposition towards westernization. He believed that India should remain unscathed, he states that "India that her people are so uncivilized, ignorant and impassive, that it is not possible to induce them to adopt any changes." He also states that "civilization is that mode of conduct which points to man the path of duty." The Gujarati equivalent for civilization means "good conduct." In some of the primary sources Gandhi compares the mind to a restless bird; "the more it gets the more it wants, and still remains unsatisfied." Then he state's that "the more we indulge our passions...

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