The Evils Pollution Portrays on the Environment and the Species That Occupy It
“One hundred and fifty years ago, the monster began, this country had become a place of industry. Factories grew on the landscape like weeds. Trees fell, fields were up-ended, rivers blackened. The sky choked on smoke and ash, and the people did, too, spending their days coughing and itching, their eyes turned forever toward the ground. Villages grew into town, towns into cities. And people began to live on the earth rather than within it.” -Patrick Ness
This quote by Patrick Ness should sink and open our minds into what we are doing to this planet we call home. Humans should be very aware of the destruction of earth by pollution. Pollution is a worldwide epidemic that is created through an innumerable amount of factors some being: farm chemical use, waste of war, and too many oil spills.
Farms have an increased dependability on chemical fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides. These chemicals can remain in the soil and will dribble into water supplies if utilized in the incorrect dosage. Fertilizers main ingredient is nitrogen which unfortunately left in immense concentrations will alter the acidity in the soil. The poisons can leach into plants and through the food cycle it will infect the animals that eat the plants and the process will result to us being contaminated with the poisons from ingesting the plants and/or animals. Once we eat the poisoned plants and animals, the poison then enters our bodies which could potentially lead to a wide variety of cancers and illnesses.
There are innumerable amounts of negative factors that impact the environment from improper agriculture practices. The inaccurate care contributes factors to the environment such as vital habitat loss, the degradation of soil, and wasteful water consumption. However, this great threat to species and their ecosystems can be adverted when farms are sustainably managed. When under correct condition a farm can provide a habitual structure for wild plants and animals, it also has the ability to improve soil health and water quality. (Environmental Impacts of Farming. 2013)
Agriculture is surprisingly one of the major contributors to the global warming epidemic. A model of one of these factors is the dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico. The surging waters that flow downstream the Mississippi from watersheds carry a concoction of farm chemicals and waste into the Gulf of Mexico resulting into a dead zone. Dead zones are caused by nitrogen and phosphorus from fertilizers and animal manure that settle at the mouth of the Gulf and fertilize the algae. The prosperous growth of the algae eventually starves other marine life of oxygen. According to Kaufman, (Kaufman, 2011) out of the nine farm states that feed the dead zone, only two, Illinois and Indiana, have attempted to reduce the output of waste into the Mississippi. The over application of fertilizer is really one of the key contenders in runoff...