Since 1788, when the white people first came to Australia, Australian Indigenous people have experienced systematically debases Indigenous culture and people. Due to that reason Indigenous people have profound effects on health and emotional wellbeing (Dudgeon 2010, p. 38). As per Parker (2010, p. 5) Diabetes, renal failure, cardiovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease figure prominently in Aboriginal and Torrens state Islander health issues.
As mentioned above there are so many factors included social and emotional issues affecting Aboriginal and Torrens state Islander health. The major four factors I would like to discuss here are as follows:
1. Uncontrolled Diabetes
2. Cardiovascular Disease
3. Renal disease
4. Substance Misuse and Related Harms
Uncontrolled Diabetes: Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute (2012, p. 2) stated that Australian Aboriginal and Torrens state Islander people are 3 times more likely to suffer from Diabetes as compared to the Non Indigenous Australian. Overweight and obesity are the leading contributing factors to the uncontrolled Diabetes among Indigenous Australian’s. As per Harrison (2012, p. 449) Lack of physical activity, diet and having impaired glucose regulation contribute to the overweight and obesity. Increase in body weight can leads body to the Insulin resistance. In 2008- 2009 diabetes rapidly increasing among Indigenous adults as 37 percent of adults were overweight and 25 percent were obese. Diabetes is a chronic disease which can leads to so many other complications so it is vitally important to control all the contributing factors to prevent it and to promote healthy life style. Diabetes type 1 is more common in younger people between the age of 15-24 and Type 2 Diabetes is common in other age group which is classified as a young adults and middle aged person. As per AIHW (2013) the proportion of Indigenous people with Diabetes Mellitus as compared to the non- Indigenous people is 3 to1.
Cardiovascular Disease: CVD is more common in Australian Indigenous people 1.2 times more common for Indigenous males and 1.4 times more common for Indigenous females as compared to non- Indigenous Australians. Diet, Lifestyle, smoking, alcohol and drug abuse, social and emotional wellbeing issue, depression and stress are the leading contributing factors for CVD among Australian Indigenous people. The highest contributing factor of CVD in Aboriginal people is tobacco smoking followed by other factors like obesity, High blood cholesterol level, lack of physical activity and hypertension. All these contributors promote each other. CVD was the leading cause of death (26 percent of all the death among Aboriginal people) in 2010 (Gray, Brown and Thomson 2012).As per Dwyer (2012) Diet is the major contributing factor to cardiac issues i.e. hypertension, high cholesterol etc. To maintain a healthy cardiac system adequate intake of protein and other nutrients is vitally important. Recommended serve of fruit and...