History Evolution In Indonesia Essay

1289 words - 6 pages

Indonesia is now 68 years old in August 2013, of course, Indonesia has undergone many changes in both the constitution and system of government since 1945. The first Indonesian Government system is parliamentary democracy (1945-1959), later changed to Guided democracy (1959-1965), and in 1965 changed again as a new order (1965-1988) and changed again to reform the system of government (1998-present ). Indonesian changing the system of government for the newly independent Indonesia when it was still looking for a solid foundation for itself, Indonesia is a country that uses the democratic system of government. According to H. Soche Harris (New York: Hanindita, 1985) Democracy is the form of government of the people, therefore the government power inherent in the people or the crowds and is right for the people or the people to set up maintain and protect him from coercion and rape others or body entrusted to govern.

A. Parliamentarian Democracy (1945-1959)
Indonesian government system in the future liberal democracy from 1945 to 1959. Liberal democracy (or constitutional democracy) is a political system that constitutionally protects individual rights from government power. In liberal democracy, the decisions of the majority (of the representative or direct) effect in most areas of government policy that is subject to the restrictions that the government's decision does not violate freedom and individual rights as stated in the constitution. Democracy is a form of government where decisions are important government directly or indirectly based on the agreement that is given freely majority of people today (Sidney Hook, 1989).
At the beginning of the declaration of Indonesian independence on August 17, 1945, Indonesia run a presidential system refers to the Constitution 1945 which states that the President has the ultimate power in the government. Indonesia runs a parliamentary system of government since 14 November 1945, but in its development, although Indonesia run Parliamentary system but in practice the system is still run a half-hearted or could be considered as a semi-parliamentary system. It can be seen from the application of the system during 15 years of Indonesian rule.
In the first period (1945-1949), the prime minister appointed only to replace the position of president as negotiator, while policies are still influenced by the President. Later in the second period (1949-1950) was a period of formation of the RIS (Republik Indonesia Serikat) which is a federal state based on the KMB (Konferensi Meja Bundar). In this period a parliamentary system of government is still running but with pseudo cabinet, so the function - the function of the prime minister's authority as supreme leader was not carried out to the maximum. However, due to the form of the RIS II period, government is divided into two namely: the Senate and the House of RIS and in period III (1950 – 1959) which is still running the parliamentary system but have started running...

Find Another Essay On History evolution in Indonesia

The Effects of Imperialism Upon Indonesia

1254 words - 5 pages After studying the two cases of imperialism; one of India, and one of several countries in Africa, for my project I have decided to research the nineteenth century colony of Indonesia. I feel very motivated about researching this country, especially since I spend 3 years of my life living there. Unfortunately, while I was live there, I was both unable and too young to pick up o the local history, and I only managed to get a grasp of what had

Nuclear Disarmament Essay

1213 words - 5 pages A brief introduction to your country and its history concerning the topic and committee Since the start of the United Nations, we as a world have been working towards peaceful uses of nuclear technology. The United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China are offically declared nuclear weapons states of the world. To date, there are thirty-nine countries in the world (with the exception of the five weapons states) who are capable of

What Impacts did Indiea Leave in Indonesia

1275 words - 5 pages India and Indonesia have had a great history together. Not to mention the many influences that came from India. Indonesia is surrounded by beautiful relics and temples as a reminder of India’s presence in Indonesia in the past.(Dharmawan) It is hard to deny the fact that India once lived in Indonesia amongst the locals and played a big part in Indonesia’s development as a nation. India was able to spread Hinduism and Buddhism through trading

The Republic of Indonesia

1960 words - 8 pages provide insight on the country’s status and capabilities. The main points to be discussed are its history, government, foreign relations, economy, demographics, military, the overall threat and culminating with my analysis on Indonesia. In my opinion due to Indonesia history, the country has found itself struggling to maintain political control of its ethnically divided population but is still gaining ground towards stability as a nation. Indonesia

Evolution of Darwin and Christianity

2415 words - 10 pages include perkembagan Darwin 's theory of evolution and the implications of Darwin's theory of biological evolution in the way we view about the existence of beings and the universe . The development of Darwin's Theory of Evolution 1 . Brief History of Charles Darwin ( 1809-1882 ) 1831-1836 : The sea journey with the Beagle . 1844 : Draft book " Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection " has been completed . 1858 : Afred Russel Wallace

Australia and Indonesia: The East Timor Conflict and the main themes of their post-war relationship

2015 words - 8 pages Australia and Indonesia? An optimist would say that these countries can move forward and build a relationship bigger and stronger than in the past. In regards to this answer my argument would be that history plays an enormous role in the ongoing relations between countries. We've seen that it is hard to get the countries people to move on from significant moments in a countries history, especially those that affect people and humanity directly

Trading in Indonesia

2252 words - 10 pages Every nation has their own history to be told, the reason of how they are becoming in these modern days. Immigrants who deal with the price of settlement, natives who deal with the sacrifice of their space and opportunities. Trade, negotiation, assimilation, segregation, and war have become the way out between the natives and the immigrants for decades. Long ago, people travel trough dessert and mountains to sell goods they produced, and

Indonesian Democracy and Islam: Midterm Essay

994 words - 4 pages moderate Islam in the archipelago combined with cultural Islam allowed for Indonesia to passably secularize and warrant democratic consolidation. Further, political cleavages resulted in a multi-party system, hence effectively weakening the power of political Islam and handing power over to moderate Muslims. Combined with a unique colonial history, development of cultural Islam and strong political cleavages resulted in Indonesia effectively forming

Affecting the Archipelago: The Effects of Climate Change on the Nation of Indonesia and Proposed Responses

1240 words - 5 pages vulnerability. As a result of these factors, Indonesia has been labeled as "vulnerable to droughts, floods, landslides, and sea level rise" (Yusuf & Francisco 2009). In addition to this, Indonesia has a history of forest fire-related carbon emissions (explained further below in "Contributions to Global Climate Change"). As rising temperatures will serve to increase the likelihood and intensities of droughts, this will remarkably increase

Business Analysis of Indonesia

4802 words - 19 pages position, Indonesia has a fascinating history, heritage, and is among the most culturally rich countries in the world. Indonesia has an estimated population of around 237 million people, is the world's fourth most populous nation and is the world's third largest democracy. The country is unique in many ways as half of the population is under thirty years of age and it is the largest Muslim majority country. There are over 330 distinct recognized

Anime as Japan's soft power in Indonesia

1681 words - 7 pages ; introduction, history of anime in Indonesia, the discussion of this topic, and conclusion of the discussion. B. History of Anime and Manga in Indonesia According to Hikari (2012), Anime was acquainted in 1980s. It was in cassette video, yet to be broadcast on television. However, European and American cartoons were dominating the market during that time. Not long afterwards, Japan’s anime could overtake the cartoon market in Indonesia from

Similar Essays

Historical Evolution In Indonesia Essay

1240 words - 5 pages Democracy as the political system in Indonesia has a long history and many processes until it could be formed as the political system like nowadays. Indonesia with its proclamation proved the independence of the country and announced freedom from colonialism. However, although the independence of Indonesia stated it as a sovereign country, the people of the country still have a problem in sovereignty. It made the government set different

Historical Evolution Of Political System In Indonesia

746 words - 3 pages deliver their aspirations and ideas as the part of making decisions. The evolution of democracy continued in the period of Soeharto as the successor of Soekarno. Soeharto replaced Soekarno’s position as the president of Indonesia. Democracy in this period was shown in the general election, where people have the rights to choose their own proper leader. Actually, it was only a theory of democracy, because actually in the field, people were

Cotton: Its Part In Evolution / Discusses The History Of Cotton In America And How It Evolved, Along With American Society

3080 words - 12 pages Through Earth's existence, human kind has gone through an evolution. As time has passed, humans have been forced to adapt to the world around them in order to survive. This process included the finding of new and great things that once lied undiscovered in our world. Whether they were stumbled upon or looked for, these items changed the way of everyday living. Of the many things that were uncovered, cotton was one of them.Despite historians

I'm A Reel Boy Essay About The History And Evolution Of Special And Visual Effects In The Motion Picture Industry. Covers Techniques From Pyrotechnics To Digital Composites

1216 words - 5 pages special effects' and famed creator of Star Wars, said, "the secret to film is that it's an illusion (Brainy)." Assessing the milestone events through out the history of film reveals how far we have come.A number of technologies and inventions related to motion and vision developed in the early to late 19th century foreran the birth of the motion picture industry. Early in 1893, Thomas Alva Edison built the world's first film production studio, the
MIDORI Gaming Stuhl Drehstuhl Sportsitz Chefsessel Bürostuhl Racing inkl. Kissen | Science Medicine (1930-Now) | Original Casque AKG pour Samsung Galaxy S9 S8 plus note 8 écouteurs mains libres