How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success At Gaining Autonomy From The Country Which They Are Currently A Part Of

1343 words - 5 pages

How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success at Gaining Autonomy from the Country Which they are Currently a Part Of

In this essay I will be aiming to explain how separatist groups have
had little success at gaining autonomy from the country which they are
currently part of. Autonomy is the right to self government and
therefore in my case study of the Basques I will assess whether they
have in my opinion been able to achieve this.

Map of Basque regionThe Basque region consists of seven "herrialdes",
or districts which, for political and administrative purposes, form
part of two different more economically developed European countries:
Araba, Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa and Nafarroa are in Spain, and Lapurdi,
Zuberoa and Benafarroa are in France. Three of the Basque Country's
seven historic territories, Araba, Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa, in the north
of Spain, covering a total surface area of 7,233 square kilometres,
are grouped together to form a political unit known as EUSKADI, or the
Autonomous Community of the Basque Country. With a population of more
than 2.1 Million people, Euskadi gives a figure of around 300
inhabitants per square kilometre, higher than the average population
of European countries. Most people live in the larger urban areas in
the northern zone as well as densely populated coastal regions along
the 197 km coastline. In the 19th century it suffered from rural
depopulation. With the French sector containing the area where the
Pyrenees are located, this can separate the Basques from France and
unite the Basques together as a whole group, using the Pyrenees as a
defence method. As the Basques have a language of their own different
from that of Spain and France this leads to isolationism due to the
language in which they speak. In the Spanish constitution the
"Euskera, the Basque People's own language, is to share with Spanish
the status of official language in the Basque Country. And all its
inhabitants have the right to know and use both languages." In
accordance with this precept, the Basque language, besides being
official along with Spanish, is recognized as the Basque People's own
language and 650,000 people speak it. In schools the children learn
almost exclusively in Basque. Even the nationality is set in the
Spanish constitution, the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country
defines, in its article, that the people living in the 7 regions as:
the Basque People or Euskal-Herria as a nationality. With the
isolation of this area it is also inaccessible, this area is the
richest in Spain yet hard to access.

It feels the need for autonomy and self determination due to the
specialism of its language and nationality which is different to that
of Spain and France. With the area being inaccessible it needs to set
up its own ports and economy which is strong with Bilbao the...

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