An organization’s educational opportunities often fail due to a lack of attention to the designing of their instructional programs. The following will address what educational design is intended to look like at a heavy equipment operation. Three common types of instructional design will be compared and contrasted to gain a greater understanding of the options available to instructions when designing instructing programs. Additionally, a proposal will appear for a particular instructional design program at the said heavy equipment organization.
Instructional Design Defined
Instructional design is a systematic process to strategically set up the instructional programs and the implementation of learning processes. In the construction field, this often takes the form of collaboration and physically performing tasks to learn. The process starts with a basic breakdown of the task at hand. The individual usually watches others performing a task, having the opportunity to ask questions and being given a checklist of items to note and look out for. Actually operating provides the best instruction because the employee has to get a feel of the machine and the way dirt feels moving with the machine.
Instructional Design Models Comparison
The three models presented for instructional design offer a variety in depth of design. ADDIE appears to be the most simplistic and often employed model. The premise is based on five processes which makes it simple and easily understandable but less detailed than the other two models. The ADDIE approach is also more commonly employed by organizations or businesses (Clark, 2013). The model developed by Dick, Carey and Carey is more appropriate for educational institutions (Clark, 2013).
Dick, Carey and Carey’s (2008) model is more linear. The focus is on interaction and repetitiveness of the instruction (CSU-Global, 2014). This process while most commonly used in educational institutions is not student focused but rather it is focused on the final outcomes (CSU-Global, 2014). This model along with the following model both include a comprehensive nine step process to the design of the program. Morrison, Ross, and Kemp’s (2007) model, offers the greatest amount of flexibility (People Learn, n.d.). The nature of the model in its entirty should be a reminder to instructors that the process is cyclical in nature (People Learn, n.d.). With that in mind instructors are free to skip around through the model and only employ processes that are related to their instructional needs at the time. Also, because the design process is a work in progress, instructors are free...