Isolation Precautions In Healthcare Essay

968 words - 4 pages

What are isolation precautions you might be wondering? Isolation precautions are "practices of infection control to reduce or eliminate the transmission of pathogens" (Foundations Of Nursing).Some of these precautions include gowns, gloves, and masks. Isolation precautions came to exist in order to protect other patients and yourself from the patient with deadly and contagious dieses such as tuberculosis."The fear of contagious disease... dates from at least biblical times where people with leprosy or plague were usually segregated from the rest of the society" (Nursing Standard). The most common way to spread microorganisms is by physical contact with someone such as a effortless hand shake. As with any patient, it is essential to change gloves between any dealings. As a nurse, your uniform becomes the most contaminated with microorganisms, frequently from the environment. When it comes to dealing with patients hand hygiene is the most important.
Standard Precautions reduce the risk of spread of microorganisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection in hospitals. " The use of standard precautions assumes that every person is potentially infected or colonized with an organism that could be transmitted in a health-care setting. As its name implies, standard precautions require the health-care worker to routinely follow basic principles of infection control, such as hand hygiene " (British Journal of Nursing ). The most important things to take into consideration is hand washing donning gloves, donning masks, and donning gowns. During patient care, there is no such thing as reusable equipment, each patient needs new equipment when being assisted. The environment in which the patient is being assisted has to be clean and disinfected, and old linen has to be uncontaminated. The need for rapid, safe and cost-effective device sterilization has led to an increase in the use of liquid chemical sterilization, (Infection Control Home ).

Airborne precautions are for patients with serious illnesses such as measles. The organisms that are carried the small airborne droplet nuclei are able to survive and transfer on objects such as door handles, computers. During patient placement, a single room is necessary for patients with airborne infections and it is necessary to make sure the doors remain shut and make sure gloves and gowns are being used. While handling the patient we must be cautious that we are wearing N-95 respirators. During Patient transportation it is best if we limit patient movement. If any patient wants to visit it is important that the visitors report to the nurse before entering. Airborne can be transmitted person to person so it is necessary that the patient must be wearing surgical mast while being transported. Airborne precautions are transmitted by small particle droplets whereas droplet precautions are transmitted by large particle objects." Private rooms are used...

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