Juvenile Justice System Essay

1708 words - 7 pages

The juvenile justice system is a foundation in society that is granted certain powers and responsibilities. It faces several different tasks, among the most important is maintaining order and preserving constitutional rights. When a juvenile is arrested and charged with committing a crime there are many different factors that will come in to play during the course of his arrest, trial, conviction, sentencing, and rehabilitation process. This paper examines the Juvenile Justice System’s court process in the State of New Jersey and the State of California.
The term juvenile delinquent was established so that young lawbreakers could avoid being classified in legal records as criminals. “The laws were designed to provide treatment, rather than punishment, for juvenile offenders” (Neubauer, 444) California is a decentralized state which means that delinquency services are organized at both the state and local level in California. County probation departments administer detention, commitment, delinquency intake screening, predisposition investigation, and probation supervision (Neubauer, 447). New Jersey is a combination state where the state operates most delinquency services for youth in New Jersey, with the exception of secure detention. However, responsibility is divided between the state judicial and state executive branches (Center on Juvenile & Criminal Justice).
Juvenile delinquency is behavior that if committed by an adult would constitute a crime or disorderly persons offense (Neubauer, 446). Every state has their own definition of adolescent offenders and decided in different ways how they should treat them. Under both California and New Jersey laws children are considered minors until the age of eighteen. In both N.J. and C.A. the prosecutor can waive the charges from juvenile to adult status. In some instances California laws remand cases back to disposition in juvenile court. Once a minor has been transferred and convicted in a California court of criminal jurisdiction, subsequent charges will be filed in adult criminal court (Center for Juvenile & Criminal Justice). The California state legislature has recently modified the juvenile law so that a minor can be transferred from juvenile court to the adult court and tried as adult in specified serious or violent felony cases, even if the minor is as young as 14. In most juvenile crime cases a judge will determine when it is appropriate to make such a transfer, however, in certain serious juvenile criminal cases the prosecutor may directly charge a minor in adult court. (Neubauer, 446)
The laws surrounding juvenile criminal cases are much different than those concerning adults. When a child is arrested in New Jersey or California they can either reprimanded and released or they can be brought to a juvenile detention facility (State of New Jersey Judiciary). If they are brought to a facility they usually have to be processed and arraigned in a juvenile court within 48 hours unless...

Find Another Essay On Juvenile Justice System

Little Justice in The Juvenile Justice System

808 words - 4 pages little punks will put on a façade to make them seem innocent, but inside they’re evil little masterminds. If these kids don’t learn now, they’ll be even worse as adults. It all starts in their adolescent years. The juvenile justice system is pretty vexing. The people are being too lenient on these damned kids. Do us all a favor and let these teens pay for what they’ve done. People saying that juveniles shouldn’t be tried as an adult should just

The United States Juvenile Justice System

868 words - 3 pages what is known as the juvenile justice system. The juvenile justice system wants to keep citizens safe and rehabilitate delinquent youth and increase the competency of the juvenile offender and mold them into law abiding, tax paying citizens. Meeting these responsibilities has been the goal of the system since it was first implemented.However, the juvenile justice system had a dramatic change in the early 1990s. Serious juvenile crimes were on

Preferential Treatments in Juvenile Justice System

930 words - 4 pages introduce from the philosophy “parens patriae” which allowed the states to step in and take control of the problematic child. This philosophy was later developed and addressed by the Supreme Court around 1960’s and become today’s juvenile justice system. In this paper, I will discuss about the issues and the major key points related to the Preferential Treatments in juvenile justice system. First, we need to understand some of the characteristics

History of the Juvenile Justice System

3102 words - 12 pages This paper will discuss the history of the juvenile justice system and how it has come to be what it is today. When a juvenile offender commits a crime and is sentenced to jail or reform school, the offender goes to a separate jail or reforming place than an adult. It hasn’t always been this way. Until the early 1800’s juveniles were tried just like everyone else. Today, that is not the case. This paper will explain the reforms that have taken

Girls in the juvenile justice system

1311 words - 6 pages 21. Although judges spoke with the offending children and decided upon the punishment, the lack of established rules and poor rehabilitation led to unfair treatment. In 1967 “ U.S. Supreme Court case of In re Gault held that juveniles were entitled to the same constitutional due process rights as adults, beginning a national reform in juvenile justice and the system was repaired to afford children many of the same rights that adults have in court

Girls in The Juvenile Justice System

1464 words - 6 pages “cured” or turned 21. Although judges spoke with the offending children and decided upon the punishment, the lack of established rules and poor rehabilitation led to unfair treatment. In 1967 “ U.S. Supreme Court case of In re Gault held that juveniles were entitled to the same constitutional due process rights as adults, beginning a national reform in juvenile justice and the system was repaired to afford children many of the same rights that adults

Juvenile Delinquency Case Studies in Justice System

1485 words - 6 pages (one or two parent household), previous offenders in family and drug and alcohol abuse. This information was found from the juvenile justice system for Florida and Georgia.Picking up from and continues to threaten all innocent people as they go about their daily routines life. The questions to be asked are: Could one say that a child behavior is affected by his or her gender? Does divorce or separation of the child抯 parents have an impact

Females in the Juvenile Justice System

816 words - 3 pages of peer pressure while growing up, lack of social skills, or even some biological imbalance that causes them to commit crimes. However, research suggests that girls involved in the juvenile justice system have experienced chaotic and abusive home lives.According to recent studies by the Office of Juvenile Justice, most offenses committed by females are status offenses such as runaway, truancy, and curfew and liquor law violations. They also

Future of the Juvenile Justice System

2125 words - 9 pages will attempt to prevent and deter crime overall. If we smartly invest money in the juvenile justice system, specifically in courts and corrections, we will ultimately save money by deterring youth from committing crimes as adults.Because children often imitate their parent's behaviors, when parents are introduced into the Justice system for crimes they have committed, DCFS will be dispatched to the offender's residence. There they will assess and

The Historical Development Of The Juvenile Justice System

796 words - 3 pages The Historical Development of the Juvenile Justice SystemThe Juvenile Justice System was a creation of the Progressive Era reformist. Prior to this time there was little consideration for children as needing or deserving different treatment than adults. To tell the truth there was relatively no separation of adults and children up to this point in time. In retrospect it could be said that the creation of a separate stage in the life of growing

History and Future of the Juvenile Justice System

3705 words - 15 pages issue becomes more complex in the Juvenile System because of the relative infancy of this aspect of the American judicial system.In addition to analyzing the history of the Juvenile justice system, one must take into account previous case law that dealt with this specific issue. While capital punishment for juveniles has been permitted in America as far back as 1642, the courts did not rule on this issue until the mid-late 1980's. Furthermore, as

Similar Essays

American Juvenile Justice System Essay

2290 words - 10 pages The American criminal justice system is comprised of criminal courts, correctional facilities, and law enforcement officials. Each of these components also make up the juvenile justice system but the operations of each differs with juveniles than with adults who are suspected of committing criminal acts. A juvenile offender is an individual under a certain age who is suspected of having committed a crime or a status offense. A status offense

America's Juvenile Justice System Essay

3719 words - 15 pages The Juvenile Justice system, since its conception over a century ago, has been one at conflict with itself. Originally conceived as a fatherly entity intervening into the lives of the troubled urban youths, it has since been transformed into a rigid and adversarial arena restrained by the demands of personal liberty and due process. The nature of a juvenile's experience within the juvenile justice system has come almost full circle from being

Does Juvenile Justice System Work? Essay

605 words - 3 pages It is often stated that the future lies in the hands of our offspring’s. Meaning, that the youth are our future adults. The world revolves on the status of the children and what they will do to contribute to life. Accordingly to The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquent Prevention 1.8 million juveniles were arrested in 2009 (OJJDP). The Juvenile Justice system holds the keys to unlock many doors of broken children that are on the wrong path

The Canadian Juvenile Justice System Essay

1131 words - 5 pages three justice acts in the history of Canadian juvenile justice system, the 1908 Juvenile Delinquents Act, the 1982 Young Offenders Act, and the 2003 Youth Criminal Justice Act. In Canada, the judicial system and the principle of these laws have been debated for a long time. This paper will discuss how these three laws were defined and why one was replaced by another. Before 1908, the nature of the developing society caused children at risk to
ละคร กลกิโมโน | برامج رمضان 2016 | La Hija De Mi Jefe BLuRayRip