Our current era of business development has created a somewhat gray area when it comes to our understanding of the words leadership and management. That is because most business leaders tend to now wear two hads in the business arena that allow to both lead and manage the various functions of their business undertaking. Historically however, leadership and management have always been two seperate entities as two business positions held by different people who are trained in differing fields of business.
According to Allan Murray (n.d..) leadership and management go hand in hand and should not be separated. That is because of the existing gray area in the definition of the two. However, Warren Bennis who penned the book “On Becoming a Leader” (1989) has tried to differentiate leadership and management by explaining that;
The manager administers; the leader innovates.
The manager is a copy; the leader is an original.
The manager maintains; the leader develops.
The manager focuses on systems and structure; the leader focuses on people.
The manager relies on control; the leader inspires trust.
The manager has a short-range view; the leader has a long-range perspective.
The manager asks how and when; the leader asks what and why.
– The manager has his or her eye always on the bottom line; the leader’s eye is on the horizon.
The manager imitates; the leader originates.
The manager accepts the status quo; the leader challenges it.
The manager is the classic good soldier; the leader is his or her own person
The manager does things right; the leader does the right thing.
In essence, leadership sets the tone that the group is to follow while management controls and directs the workers towards achieving the goals based on established values and principles (“Definition of Leadership and Management”).
Based upon the aforementioned differences of a leadership and management, we can now create a more solid perception of what a good characteristics of a leader should be. According to Tanya Prive (2012), there are 10 qualities that depict the best characteristics of a leader. These characteristics include;
1. Honesty - business leaders are expected to make honest decisions based upon ethical behavior for their subordinates to follow suit;
2. Ability to delegate - Delegating tasks to appropriate departments is one of the most important leadership skills a leader must develop as a business grows;
3. Communication - Being able to describe what you want done is extremely important. If a leader is unable to communicate his vision then his team will be unable to reach their goals;
4. Sense of humor - Morale is linked to productivity; it's the job of the team leader to instill postiviityby finding humor in the struggles of business life;
5. Confidence - Keep up the confidence level and assure everyone that setbacks are natural and the important thing is to concentrate on the goal;
6. Committment - simply put, lead by example;
7. Positive attitude -...