Marxist Analysis Of Religion

2066 words - 9 pages

Karl Marx is fundamentally important within sociology. He is considered to be one of the key thinkers of sociological thought. Despite his death in 1883, Marxist analysis still has considerable significance and credibility within the study of society. His basic assumptions are still widely used and referred to, even in the understanding of modern phenomenon. Despite his large body of work, Marx actually wrote very little about religion. However, within some of his publications he provided the basis of his sociological analysis and interpretation of religion within society. Both Marx's Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right (1954/1844) and Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 are fundamentally important for understanding understanding Marx's view in application to religious ideology, and furthermore, will be examined within the context of this essay.

Karl Marx and his analysis of society is seen as been a fundamental contribution to the advancement of social theory. Marx saw society as being characterised by conflict, especially in regards to the economic system. Moreover, Marx saw society as being divided by two distinct social classes; those who own the means of production, and those who do not. The social class who own the means of production are referred to as the bourgeois, and the workers are know of as the proletariat. He states that in both pre-modern and modern society, society is characterised by the exploitation of labour of one group by another. Within his sociological analysis, Marx saw the economy as being centre around such exploitation. Furthermore, in Feudal societies, peasants were exploited by the aristocratic lords, and in modern capitalist society, workers are exploited by capitalists. (Inglis and Thorpe, 2012)

Marx's notion of the economic base and superstructure are fundamental concepts in the understanding of Marxist sociology. He saw the economy as being the dominating institution of society; the economy shapes all other social institutions within society. Institutions such as the political system, family, mass-media and religion, all form part of the superstructure, and Marx states that they all function under the power of the economy in society. Moreover, he states that the institutions within the superstructure serve to trick the proletariat into accepting the ruling class ideology. "The mode of production in material life determines the general character of the social, political, and spiritual processes of life" (Marx, 1959:43) This quote serves to highlight the importance of the economy in shaping the social institutions which make up a fundamental part of society. Marx proclaims that the upper class control the institutions within society. This includes religion, politics, education and law. Furthermore, they use they institutions to legitimise their wealth and the exploitation of the proletariat.

The notion of ideology is fundamental in understanding Marx's position within his analysis of ...

Find Another Essay On Marxist Analysis of Religion

Analysis of Religion and Globalization by Peter Beyer

1819 words - 7 pages lines of communication between them. The specific character of religion as communication is that it is immanent, between people, but its subject is always, symbolically and otherwise, transcendent beyond the world, concerned with managing and giving meaning to the indeterminacy of life. For the purposes of his analysis, Beyer limits his investigation to "systemic religion," which he refers to (in the conclusion) as "institutionalized, organized

An Analysis of Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

4432 words - 18 pages An Analysis of Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion ABSTRACT: Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (1779) may be read in the way Cleanthes (and Philo as well) reads Nature, as analogous to human artifice and contrivance. The Dialogues and Nature then are both texts, with an intelligent author or Author, and analogies may be started from these five facts of Hume's text: the independence of Hume's characters; the non

Marxist Analysis of Social Media in Guatemala

1070 words - 5 pages how the vice-president had been assaulted. The latter story dominated all social media. This is and excellent example on how mass media is capable of shaping what people talk about and how it distract the public of important matters. In the next few lines will use some of the Marxist analytical tools to understand this type of example. One of the most important aspects of the mass media that we have to consider through the lenses of the Marxist

How helpful is Boyer in explaining or understanding religion? This is an analysis of Pascal Boyer's "Religion Explained"

2062 words - 8 pages difficult. Boyer focuses on what drives humans to create, use, and follow these belief-systems that considered from a rational standpoint, can be looked upon as quite ridiculous. "Organized religion" is what us Westerners are used to, but we must realize before an analysis of religion that there are numerous types of religion. Boyer does a nice job of not only looking at the religions his reader would most likely be accustomed to, but also draws

Analysis of The Symbolic Power of Religion

1399 words - 6 pages Clifford Geertz has focused more on the symbolic power of religion. He has talked about the fact that it is the symbolic power of religion that has a strong influence on the people. It is the religion, in accordance to Clifford that helps the people in understanding the place that the people have in the world. The actions that are undertaken by the people are also defined by the religion. Based on the arguments that have been given by Clifford

An Analysis of Religion by an Athiest

2490 words - 10 pages . Morals and ethics allow one to make a knowledgeable and responsible decision. One’s religious and spiritual beliefs shapes and molds the mind, body, and spirit of the person. Each religion has its own unique principles, a list of do’s and don’ts that set the foundation for their moral and ethical beliefs. Everyday people are presented with situations in which that person must arrive at the solution through weighing each possible option morally

Analysis of Religion in The Simpsons

1589 words - 7 pages To begin, the first example of religion in this episode begins about seven minutes into episode twenty-six, “Homer vs. Lisa and the 8th Commandment”. Lisa is sitting in Sunday school and learns of the Ten Commandments and focuses on the eighth commandment, “Thou shalt not steal”, realising her family is breaking this commandment by stealing cable. When the family gets home from church, Homer turns on the TV and Lisa confronts him asking, “Dad

Analysis of the atheistic outlook on religion

3049 words - 13 pages Throughout this essay I will demonstrate how religion has played a role in the lives of humans as well as explicate the reasoning behind the true nature of the creation of religion by a psychopath. Throughout our short time on Earth, a very common thought and feeling that many people have is, “What’s out there? Why are we here? What made us?” etc. This natural human tendency to ask these questions lead some people draw conclusions that may or

Analysis of Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction

1249 words - 5 pages For many centuries, there has been a major dispute based on the beliefs of humans. Discrepancies between religious belief and empirical knowledge have been a rough topic since the beginning of documented history. This is where Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction comes in. Science and Religion discusses the history of significant science and religion disputes, ranging from Galileo Galilei in 1633 to the ethical consequences of

Education, Religion, and Social Analysis of the Seventeenth Century

1681 words - 7 pages products which were then produced by the richer people. This led to an increased amount of professions. However, most professions were only for men, women were housewives and took care of their husbands and children. If they worked, they worked as a maid most of the time. All with all most professions had to do with the production of food and other life sustaining products, the distribution of religion and protection the country. Upbringing

Is totemism a religion? An analysis of Emile Durkheim's view of totemism in 'The Elementary Forms of Religion'

2028 words - 8 pages Defining what constitutes a religion is a difficult, if not an impossible quest. However, before determining whether or not certain belief-systems and/or ritualized practices can be considered a religion, a definition is imperative. For our purposes, I am going to use the extremely elementary definition from Webster's New Dictionary , "A system of faith and worship." In The Elementary Forms of Religion, Emile Durkheim, a French Sociologist from

Similar Essays

Marxist Lens Analysis Of Kafka's Metamorphosis

1507 words - 6 pages Marxist Lens Analysis of the Metamorphosis Alyssa Chacon Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis is a novella that follows the story of Gregor Samsa who, one day, wakes up as an insect. On the surface, it’s just a story about a man who’s transformed into a bug; but, when deeper analyzed, you come to understand that it’s a about a man who was always a bug conflicted by his identity in a class struggle between what is known as the proletariat and the

How Relevant Is The Marxist Critique Of Capitalism To The Analysis Of The Modern International System?

2463 words - 10 pages “failed in that it sought to promote in extreme form of social equality at the expense of liberty” (1992, p. 273). This leads to the following question: is Marxist critique of capitalism still relevant to analyse the modern international system? One thing is to refute Marxist theory along with its feasibility as a whole, and another is to refute its academic value intended for the analysis of the international system. For this reason, this work aims

Rhetorical Analysis Of Robert Bellahs Civil Religion

1074 words - 4 pages Rhetorical Analysis of Civil Religion In America by Robert H. Bellah Robert N. Bellah "Civil Religion In America" was written in the winter of 1967 and is copyrighted by the Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences from the issue entitled "religion in America". In his writings Bellah Explains the idea and workings of Civil Religion in the United States; this chapter was written for a Dædalus conference on American

An Analysis Of The Jehovahs Witnesses Religion

925 words - 4 pages An Analysis Of The Jehovah's Witnesses' Religion      When the name of Jehovah's witness arises, most of the public of differing religions, a picture of an overly nice person or group of people all dressed in suits and nice clothes, arrive at your door and offer a sampling of pamphlets, (large or small). To most of the general public, the religion is a far cry from Christianity, but this is untrue, as a visit to one
Sheena, Queen of the Jungle | Adventures of the Gummi Bears (95) | 12.15 살림9단의 만물상.E273.181214.720p NEXT