The goal of this seminar paper is to pinpoint the relationship of semantic meaning and logic; as the name suggests. However, to achieve this, one must be acquainted with both topics; i.e., one must understand how meaning and logic function inside their scientific disciplines – semantics and philosophy, respectively. After briefly explaining the key issues of meaning and logic, the main hypothesis will be discussed; that is to say how meaning and logic go hand in hand, therefore, having one without the other is basically impossible. This is followed by a conclusion which will summarise and explain the importance of this paper.
To be able to understand the relationship between meaning and logic and how one is bound to the other, implies that one has to be able to grasp the basic concepts of meaning and logic. That is to say that without meaning, logic cannot exist and this seminar paper will try to further explain this.
2. Meaning as the Centre of Semantics
The study of meaning is foremost discussed in linguistics, philosophy and psychology. As a subfield of linguistics, semantics primarily discusses the study of meaning through various units of discourse. Furthermore, linguistic semantics devotes its study to organise and express meanings. Philosophy or rather, philosophy of language focusses, among other things, on the nature of meaning and is often regarded as a part of logic. As for psychology, one of the questions it concerns itself with is the way the human mind pursues meaning (Kreidler, p. 2, 3).
In this seminar paper, the main study and topic of concern is semantics, while it is closely related to logics, which is why it will free itself from psychology and philosophy in a broad sense.
By a definition, the verb ‘mean’ is characterised as: to have a particular meaning, in which one is met with the same word in its noun form i.e., meaning. Going further and looking for the noun, ‘meaning’, a new definition is found: the thing, action, feeling, idea etc. that a word or words represent. This shows ‘meaning’ as an English word and as such, like most words, ‘meaning’ has a variety of usage. It is also a word which cannot be eluded, it occurs countless times in one’s lifetime because there is not a person in the world that is omniscient. In other words, to know something, one should understand it and to understand it, it is essential to know the meaning of it. The main idea is that everything has meaning, even though some would say that words such as conjunctions lack it. This is, nevertheless, only half true, conjunctions are meaningless when they stand alone, e.g. one could not say ‘or’ as a proposition, because by itself, ‘or’ is meaningless. However, ‘or’ will regain meaning when used as a means of connecting propositions, like in the following example: “Would you prefer coffee or tea?” Without the connector, ‘or’, the previous proposition would not have the same meaning, actually, without ‘or’ the proposition would lack...