It is worthwhile to take a close look at the marriage and trial plots in The Merchant of Venice. The antagonists of the respective plots have similar goals; they seek access to power and privilege. However, the types of power they seek is very different. The methods they use of gaining power are also differ. Bassanio succeeds with his intent, but Shylock fails. Focusing on the before mentioned plots, one may draw some conclusions concerning the reasons of success and failure in this play.
Let us look at the marriage plot. Already in I,i Bassanio reveals his plans of wooing Portia. He describes his undertaking as a quest; "her sunny locks/ Hang on her temples like a golden fleece/ Which makes her seat of Belmont Colchos' strond,/ And many Jasons come in quest of her."(I, i, 169-172). We might notice how he describes Portia's looks in an almost petrarchan manner. He is describing a single feature of her (her hair), and thereby objectifying her. More importantly, Bassanio's words tell us that he is aware of the economic gains that he can achieve through the bond of marriage. This makes us ask an essential question: What does Bassanio want to achieve through wooing Portia?
According to Frank Whigham in "Ideology and Class Conduct in The Merchant of Venice", he wants power through an assimilation into the elite. Bassanio has lost ventures before (I, i, 123-135), but now he's venturing to be free from financial worries. He seeks to rid himself with the fear the Venetians share when it comes to loss of security and privilege through the loss of money (I, i, 31-34). To this we might add that he also seeks love in marriage.
Since Bassanio spoke of his undertaking as a quest, it is natural to assume that there is a certain risk involved. So what does Bassanio risk? Obviously he is risking his friend's life. When Antonio signs the bond to help Bassanio, there is a certain risk that Antonio might die, how improbable it might seem to them at that point. He is also facing the risk of financial loss, should he fail in his quest. And if he fails in his quest, he is barred from the company of Portia and he is barred from access to the elite. But Bassanio does not fail. So what were the means to his success?
Again, according to Whigham, Bassanio succeeds because he is (consciously or subconsciously) aware of the language and outer...