Planning In The Uk Essay

1161 words - 5 pages

The range of planning powers, controls and policies should be reduced. Explain how one might agree and disagree with this statement.
I will approach this title focusing on planning in the UK. First briefly defining powers, controls and policies as they are today. A quick historical review of the modern planning system and changes to it will help give context in deciding whether to increase or decrease them. I'll then move on to a discussion on the factors and organizations likely to cause change in the planning system.
Planning powers are in the UK known as Delegated powers. These enable planning officers make decisions on applications. In doing so planning officers are allowed a level of discretion and can engage in pre-application negotiations with developers.
Controls are the system by which individual planning applications are assessed. Developments good enough for the public interest are allowed and others refused on an ad-hoc basis. Local planning authorities have statutory responsibility for this. Controls are known as development Control and are guided by Planning Policies from the government.
Planning policies are prepared by the government and detail statutory provisions and guidance to local authorities. They come in the form of Planning Policy Guidance Notes (PPGs) and now Planning Policy Statements (PPSs). These documents explain relationships not only between land use issues but to other areas of legislation that must be considered in the formulation of local plans (Communities and Local Government [undated]).
The modern system of planning powers, controls and policies grew from concerns for public health in the nineteenth-century. Before the nineteenth-century landowners and developers had an almost free reign on land use decision. This led to high density housing and a rapid urbanisation. Environmental and social problems grew, drawing critical attention and action. First medical advancements meant unsanitary conditions were targeted as a source of poor health. Soon overcrowding was seen to be a source of economic cost and measures had to be taken (Cullingworth & Nadin 2006). Planning problems came to be seen as regional in nature leading to increasing numbers of powers, controls and policies as well as bodies to oversee and enforce them.
The Town and Country Planning Act 1947 was the source of much of today's planning system. It made all development subject to planning permission and introduced mandatory development plans (Cullingworth & Nadin 2006). It also introduce a system by which developers were made to pay a 100 per cent charge for land value increases resulting from development. This charge would remain in one form or another for many years. A decrease in planning powers in 1953 led to a housing boom leading to new problems such as ribbon development and congestion.
The mid twentieth-century saw more powers, controls and policies introduced again focusing on quality of life. Ebenezer Howard and the garden...

Find Another Essay On Planning in the UK

Diabetes in the UK Essay

4563 words - 18 pages Diabetes in the UK Synopsis: Diabetes has recently become a focal point of health care systems around the world due to its high prevalence and the severity of secondary complications caused by the disease. Over the course of my project on diabetes, I have had the opportunity to speak with a group of diabetics to understand from a patient’s perspective how diabetes is managed in a rural community. While I found that while some

Global Warming in the UK Essay

857 words - 4 pages out the world, UK has suffered from 2,000 deaths in 2003 due to heat waves. These vulnerabilities will cause great devastation in the UK mainly targeting the elderly and impoverished. To protect the citizens of the United Kingdom and also the people of the world, the UK requests all countries to focus on climate change and adaptations plans in order to be well equipped for the attacks of natural disasters. Acknowledging the fact that climate

Housing market in the UK

3222 words - 13 pages I Housing market in the UKIntroduction:The housing market in the UK is under a lot of pressure because of the fact that the UK economy is under inflation and constantly increasing interest rates on the mortgage. The major factors influencing are inflation, interest rates and the income of the people. Though there are other factors that affect the housing market in the UK they are not as effective as the inflation and the interest rates. The

Coffee Industry in the UK

1577 words - 6 pages Coffee Industry in the UK The coffee industry has grown rapidly since the 1990s; before Starbucks emerged, people were used to drinking low quality coffee from tins. Starbucks introduced fresh coffee made from top quality beans that have excellent taste and drinks such as the caffe latte and cappuccino, which have helped to fuel the development of the coffee market into a multi million pound industry. The size of UK branded coffee chains

Social Care in the UK

1248 words - 5 pages all hospitals and bought them under the control of the ministry of health. Three key principals surrounding the formation of the NHS were that; access to services would be on a basis of ‘real need’ instead of the ability to pay, the service would cover all people living in the country and that services would be free at the point of delivery, fitting in with a Social democratic ideology of equality. During the early 1970’s the UK was in the

Human Trafficking in the UK

1079 words - 5 pages be falsely accused. Smuggling is normally defined as the facilitation of entry to the UK, either secretly or by deception, whether for profit or otherwise.(Human Trafficking and Smuggling). Often these situations contain little coercion or violence from those assisting in the smuggling. Trafficking is defined as the involvement of the transportation of persons in the UK in order to exploit them by the use of force, violence, deception

Music Festivals in the UK

1017 words - 5 pages diverse as is shown in various music festivals all around the world including the United Kingdom. Works Cited • Blake, Andrew. The Land without Music: Music, Culture and Society in Twentieth-century Britain. Manchester, UK: Manchester UP, 1997. • Šoštarić, Sanja. "British Society after 1945." Social and Cultural History of Great Britain after 1485. Faculty of Philosophy, Sarajevo. 2013. Lecture. • Warman, Janice. "How Music Festivals Are Singing

Constitutional Law in the UK

1230 words - 5 pages UK Constitutional Laws are secured legally in a peripheral issue that is not relevant to the truth-seeking function of the separation of power and thus cannot serve as legitimate grounds for suppression. Constitutional Laws secured through search and seizure can be distinguished from coerced confessions, for example, because the former is highly reliable. When the separation of power accepts unconstitutional Constitutional Laws, it does not

Drug Problem in the UK

743 words - 3 pages Drug consumption is a wide spread problem throughout young people in UK today. Drugs can affect their life in many different ways however, young people are addicted with it so much that it is hard for them to leave it. They do not like to leave drugs because it calms them or can make them energetic. There are three types of drugs which each has an attraction for young people. More young men than young woman reported using drugs. Drug is a

Judicial Review in the UK

2083 words - 8 pages they might be. This criticism is too strong and in reality does not represent what actually occursThe Courts do not have the power to invalidate legislation, nor can they declare a statute unconstitutional because in passing the Act, Parliament has made it constitutional- statute law being the highest source of the UK constitution. However the Courts do have the power unders4 HRA, to declare legislation incompatible with EHCR. But this has only

Planning Ethically (planning in the business)

1192 words - 5 pages From the moment we wake until we go to sleep, we plan whether consciously or subconsciously. Some plans are ordinary, almost second nature, done without much thought, but because there are choices and sequential steps necessary in the accomplishment of a goal, there is a planning process involved. There are different approaches to planning, and not all require a panel of executives or meetings to initiate, develop, and implement. There are

Similar Essays

A Comparative Analysis: Collaborative Planning And Agile Supply Chains In The Uk Construction And Retail Grocery Industries

2083 words - 8 pages AbstractThe UK Retail Grocery and Construction industries are at very different stages in their supply chain management development. Collaborative Planning is seen as a key approach in integrating the supply chain to improve efficiency. It has been widely deployed within the retail sector although there are barriers to its adoption into the construction industry a less formalised approach could be successful. The Agile approach focuses on

Broadcasting In The Uk Essay

1734 words - 7 pages analogue, were "offered the upgrade to SkyDigital absolutely free." In addition, like ONDigital, Sky has also planned to request the UK government to help inform the public about the benefits of converting to digital by means of public campaigns. SkyDigital displayed planning, organization, and leadership during the period of public confusion. Because it desired to have more customers to buy its products for upgrade to digital. With belief that

Democracy In The Uk Essay

1222 words - 5 pages Democracy in the UK Direct democracy comprises a form of democracy and theory of civics where all citizens can directly participate in the decision-making process. Direct democracy in its traditional form is rule by the people through referenda. The people are given the right to pass laws, veto laws and withdraw support from a representative at any time. In the United States when specific direct democracy

Banking In The Uk Essay

1837 words - 7 pages suggestion, looking at the needs of their investors (Bankers Association (BBA). 2010, p. 9-11). Currently, in the UK, there is no trustworthy choice to the large banks for full-service banking, apart from to some level Nationwide and the UK subsidiaries of NAB. This alternative contributed more to the collapse of the northern rock because customers had an option to shifting to either of those retail banks and as a result it was left with no customers
Luke Pasqualino | اللغة العربي | 24Orange is the new black