To react to the first assignment, all the quotes mentioned in the earlier assignment still sustain, but one more quote from Einstein is added. Because my personal philosophy of science still believes that science and religion go together (Quote #1 to 3). Human beings obtain wisdom and abilities from religion to understand the phenomena through science application to investigate the phenomena. While religion can cultivate a human beings’ sense of morality and humanity, it can also guide scientists when they conduct research that runs the risk of going beyond humane standards. However, after a semester, different views of religion are included in the current personal philosophy of science. At the beginning, religion was seen in a very limited way without beliefs and spirituality. In other words, religion was only about a specific system of faith and worship of God. Nonetheless, it now contained beliefs and spirituality. Although religion and spirituality is not totally the same, they are interconnected (Barker, 2007) and both provide meanings and purposes in human life (Bhagwan, 2010). What people believe and experience is not restricted to be from a systematic and structural belief. According to Wilber (1998), religion is embedded in human culture, so it can be treated as a context to explain human behavior. People can understand each other through consideration of others’ religion which is a product of a culture and folkways. That is why Martin Luther King, Jr. said religion interprets and Einstein stated science is lame without religion. Wilber (1998) suggested that empiricist science should broaden its sensory data by expanding conceptual operation and religion should utilize experiential evidence to verify or reject its truth claims. In other words, both science and religion has to give a bit to reconcile to each other.
The remaining two quotes represent the core of research process because most research projects start with a question. The next step after knowing the research question is to plan how to conduct the research to answer the question. Bryman (2012) explained that scientists have to form a suitable question that can be applied in quantitative as well as qualitative research. He also indicated research questions as guidance in literature search, data collection, data analysis, and discussion. In other words, research questions keep scientists emphasize their studies, so they do not go off in unnecessary directions (Bryman, 2012). Similarly, research plans are also essential to scientists because they might have limited resources, such as time, human labor, locations, or funding (Bryman, 2012). With a research plan, scientists can understand the process of their research and how many resources can be distributed to each research phase. Therefore, these two quotes are staying in the list because they remind scientists the most important elements of research.
Four personal goals were stated in the first assignment but not all...