Causes And Effects Of Slavery In The U.S.

1448 words - 6 pages

Slavery has been described as a "social institution defined by law and custom as the most absolute involuntary form of human servitude." . The three main characteristics of slavery are that the people are regarded as property, they are forced to serve (often through violence), and they are subject to the owner's will.

The most famous example of this kind of slavery is found in America, during the 16th, 17th and 18th century. During this time, America's southern states were dominated by slavery, and the vast majority of plantations were essentially run by black slaves, imported from Africa. The slave trade was founded in 1444, by the Portuguese who, sensing the need for more slaves, ventured to use Africans. They realised that the sheer numbers of slaves needed to work in Europe and the European colonies an America could be easily acquired from the African tribes people who were already using slaves in their own communities. The Portuguese realised that the slaves could be used to make a profit, and during the early 16th century, the Spanish began to travel to Africa to get slaves. Shortly after this, English colonists and merchants also joined the now expansive slave trade.

Legal recognition of slaves was begun in 1641, by Massachusetts, who recognised the need for some sort of legislature to control the use of slaves. The state of Massachusetts was shortly followed by Connecticut in 1650 and Virginia in 1661. However, these laws were not intended to protect the black slaves. They were intended to protect the rights of slave owners. By the time of the war of independence, the Africans had become slaves in the fullest sense according to law and custom. The law protected the plantation owner's rights over slaves, and thus the slaves were left with no rights whatsoever. If they tried to escape to other states, ones that were anti-slavery, they were not free. Instead, they were classed as fugitives. In this way, slaves were left with no way to become free. Their only option was to work on the plantations for life.

By this stage, slave owners had begun to realise that the only way to control slaves was by using violence and threats. A new culture had been introduced: one of black inferiority and white superiority. Many white plantation owners used extreme violence to make their slaves work, as they had no other means with which to control them. They could not reward the slaves by decreasing their length of servitude; the slaves were used for life, and their monetary value was too great for the plantation owners to reprieve them. However, sometimes the violence became so extreme that the slaves died, which decreased the plantation's profit. This use of violence extended to rape of black women and children, mutilation and branding. Rape of slaves produced an inter-race community, although this was violently unstable due to the racial and social discrimination present at that time. The plantation masters branded their slaves so that if...

Find Another Essay On Causes and Effects of Slavery in the U.S.

Causes and Effects of Violence in Children

1720 words - 7 pages , aggression towards others or self, explosive temper tantrums, and armed assault. A child can either be a direct or indirect target of violence in the home or they can be harmed by its occurrence. To many children, the indirect act of violence [such as mother being physically abused by the father] can still have the same effects as being directly abused. Several factors such as domestic violence, media violence, gender differences, antisocial

The Causes and Effects of the Crusades

644 words - 3 pages , keeping Europe in chaos. There was war, suffering, and millions of casualties. Yet, the Crusades contributed immensely in the history of the progress of civilization in Europe (3). There were many lasting effects of the Crusades. One major effect of the Crusades was an increase in trade and in the economy. During the Crusades, the Crusaders found many luxury goods in the Middle East and brought them back to Europe. This led European merchants

Causes and Effects of the Civil War

726 words - 3 pages      Did you know America’s bloodiest battle fought on their own soil was the Civil War? The Civil War was fought on American soil between the northern states and the southern states. Many causes provoked the war, which would affect the nation for decades to come. Slavery, the Missouri Compromise, and John Brown’s attack on Harpers Ferry, Virginia, were some of the many causes. In turn hundreds of thousands of soldiers

Causes and Effects of the American Revolution

1587 words - 6 pages paper will examine the specific causes and effects of the American Revolution. Ideology really laid the foundation for the Revolution. British citizens, including those in the North American colonies, felt a special sense of pride in their political system. Unlike in other European countries at the time, the English king did not possess absolute control over his country. England has a parliament, and that stood as a check against the king’s power

The Causes and Effects of Global Warming

2288 words - 10 pages Global warming is the rise in average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere and oceans. If the warming continues it will have drastic effects on our lives in the future. Extreme weather will become a reality. That means intense weather during the summer such as major droughts and severe weather. There are a countless amount of ways that we as a society can do to help slow down global warming. Global warming is real, despite what the naysayers say

The Effects and Causes of Volcanic Activity

1925 words - 8 pages Volcanoes are formed when magma is expelled from the Earth’s surface, resulting in volcanic eruptions consisting of ash and lava. Over time, the lava cools and forms into rock on the Earth’s surface. Whenever an eruption occurs, the newly-formed rock from the lava layers continuously until the volcano takes its shape. Volcanic eruptions have taken place for thousands of years, and even today, according to the U.S Geological Survey (2010), there

Causes and effects of the Civil War

1502 words - 6 pages the Senate when Pro-slavery Preston Brooks attacked Charles Sumner for speaking out against pro-slavery forces. The gap between the North and the South was further widened by the economic and social differences on the opposite sides of the Mason-Dixon Line. Most of the abolitionists lived in the North. It was there that Harriet Beecher Stowe published Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and Fredrick Douglas, a former slave, lectured against the ill-treatment

The Causes And Effects Of Divorce

1258 words - 5 pages drastically bringing new effects in the lives of those individuals involved. Some causes for divorce vary from couple to couple, but the most frequent ones tend to be, change of women’s role in society, lack of communication, and lack of trust in the relationship. One significant cause that leads to divorce is the change in women’s roles. In the past, women depended only on their husbands’ earnings. Meanwhile, they had to do most of the housework

The Causes and Effects of Obesity

1440 words - 6 pages So much of what occurs in this world is a result of cause and effect. For instance, if a match is struck; a flame ignites, if water is put on the flame; the flame is extinguished, if more fuel is added to the fire; the fire gets bigger. A major problem in our society today, the problem of obesity, results from cause and effect. While many factors are involved, the causes for obesity are ultimately from choices made by individuals. One of the

Causes and Effects of The Black Death

931 words - 4 pages the Black Death. The effects of the plague has changed the world ever since. The world has been changed economically, religiously and population wise. Will Death finish the job next time? Works Cited http://www.humanities360.com/index.php/causes-and-effects-of-the-black-death-in-europe-4-52545/ http://www.customessaymeister.com/customessays/History%3A%20European/3575.htm http://essayinfo.com/sample/essay/426/ http

Causes and Effects of the Great Depression

3996 words - 16 pages C:\MSOFFICE\WINWORD\TEMPLATE\NORMAL.DOTApril 2, 1997The Causes and Effects ofThe Great Depression In AmericaFew Americans in the first months of 1929 saw any reason to question the strength and stability of the nation's economy. Most agreed with their new president that the booming prosperity of the years just past would not only continue but increase, and that dramatic social progress would follow in its wake. "We in America today," Herbert

Similar Essays

Causes And Effects Of U.S. Imperialism

832 words - 3 pages In analyzing the causes and effects of United States Imperialism from 1870 to 1916, one finds that there are three main factors. These major factors of United States Imperialism in this time period are: Hawaii, the Spanish-American war, and Theodore Roosevelt. In this time period Hawaiian islanders were very happy to live traditionally, but Americans were not content with the traditional ways of the Hawaiians (Buschini, n.pag.). Even though

"The Causes And Effects Of U.S. Economic Intervention In Latin America"

1876 words - 8 pages first time in the nation's young history. Shortly before the Monroe Doctrine, the United States formally recognized the new republics of Latin America, beginning the first century of Latin American-U.S. foreign relations with Monroe's address before the House of Representatives on January 30, 1822. The relationship between the United States and its neighbors to the South grew gradually. The United States slowly shifted from acting as an arbiter

Slavery And The U.S. Government Essay

1566 words - 7 pages Back in the early to mid-1800s, one of the biggest issues was slave trade and the ownership of slaves. The United States was one of the last countries to still allow slavery and at the time, there was much debate as to whether or not slavery should still be allowed. As many people know, this issue was heavily debated over for many years, and eventually, became one of the sparks that started one of the biggest wars this nation has ever

Causes And Effects Of The Great Depression In America

3738 words - 15 pages engaged in home businesses taking in laundry,selling baked goods, accepting boarders. Many households expanded to include moredistant relatives. Parents often moved in with their children and grandparents with theirgrandchildren, or vice versa.19The public did not understand the causes or solutions of unemployment, but peoplecould judge polices by results. They had little tolerance for anyone who said currentpolices were working when, in fact, more
Capítulo Anterior | descargar mp3 xd musica gratis | Tessa Fowler