Socialism And Communism Midterm Essay

2894 words - 12 pages

Salvatore Architetto
Socialism and Communism Midterm
Norman Markowitz
Question #1
Marxism was created by Karl Marx and Federick Engels; they both sought out a better future for the working class. Marx, who was born in Germany in 1818 and died in London in 1883, lived in a world where he disagreed with capitalism whole heartedly. Frederick Engels was also born in Germany in 1820 and died in London in 1895. With this, they created their own philosophical and economic thought which was called Marxism. The problem with Marx was that he was always ready to change his mind about certain theories or ideas which he created. This is why it is very difficult to understand how Marxism works. Also Marxism is usually stereotyped with mainstream communism, which is why people seem to brush it off and just see it as some radical oppression machine. In Lenin’s words “the three main sources of Marxism are: British political economy, French Socialism, and German Idealist Philosophy”.
The origins of Marxism arose in the mid nineteenth century when Carl Marx wanted to make a completely equal society (Eaton). Also he was not the only one to have these kinds of views. There were several socialist who tried to reach out and explain what was going on. He basically tried to explain what was wrong with society at the time and how we can change for the better, in his view. Marxism was an opposition to the three main affecting the workers movement, Anarchism, Utopian, and the heavy tendencies of the bourgeoisie (Eaton). Marxism undermines all forms of authority, seeking destruction of the Capitalist state. At the very beginning of Marxism the individuals who promoted it were the calm folk who just wanted there to be a socialist future. The only problem was that there wasn’t any scientific basis to back Marxism. So throughout the years the scientific background to Marxism was created. Thus making Marxism a true philosophical thought to where the working class people can start following. Marx wanted to get rid of all kinds of social classes, including the class of wage-slaves (Eaton). Human freedom was the end goal at the end of days because at the time Marx saw nothing but oppression from the upper classes. So in a sense the general theory of Marxism is basically keeping the working class out of oppression and to make society as a whole equal, also completely eliminating capitalism from society. Using different dialectics to understand how we as a population can achieve true prosperity without having to sacrifice one’s time or skill. Stating that if we continue to use capitalism as a governing body society will never achieve progress but rather digress into a deeper whole. Eliminating capitalism and using communism is the answer to achieve true equality in the world.
Marxism also explained how general production also affected how society worked. Productive forces are basically human labor, like tools, equipment, buildings, and technology. Then there is...

Find Another Essay On Socialism and Communism Midterm

Germinal (the movie): Which groups in the movie portray the three economic-political systems; Communism, Socialism, and Capitalism

1259 words - 5 pages movie version of the novel; Germinal, author Émile Zola presents to us the struggle experienced by French miners in the 19th century. In the movie three distinct groups of people have chosen to live by three extremely different political ideologies and Zola portrays where these ideologies get each group of people and why they chose the ideologies. The three prominent economic - political ideologies in the movie are Communism, Socialism, and

Socialism Essay

514 words - 2 pages caused Americans to first consider socialism. With government involvement in business, fairer treatment for all was feasible. Most countries today have socialist parties, many have socialist governments, and others who are in between have adopted socialist ideas.      Communism and socialism are often associated together. Socialism is a stage of government usually leading up to communism. Government must first control businesses if it is to

Comparing and Contrasting Economic Systems Essay

683 words - 3 pages Throughout all of the 1900's the world's developed countries slowly began to practice three main types of economic systems, those of which fell under three categories, communism, socialism and, capitalism. A great example of a communist country was China. This meant that government had total control of production and how it was produced. In this system everyone works for the common good of the people. Socialism consisted of a system where

France: A Socialist Democracy

1481 words - 6 pages they follow guidelines given from federal agencies, the top 1% can seemingly do almost anything to gain a profit; rather, the French government does its best to protect the poor and try to get them back on their feet to be a contributing factor to society. One of the main beliefs of Socialism is to put people before a profit. There are many people who would argue that socialism is wrong and that it is just a form of communism. These people would

Transformations In American Society During The Market Revolution

1495 words - 6 pages development of the socialist movement. Karl Marx was philosopher, social scientist, historian, and revolutionary, who was without a doubt the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the nineteenth century. Marx believed that capitalism would be replaced by radical socialism which in turn would develop into a communism - a classless society. Marx’s most acclaimed works include The Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital, and Value Price and Profit. In

What Socialism Really Is

1260 words - 5 pages Socialism refers to a system in which production and distribution of goods and services is a shared responsibility of a group of people. Karl Marx developed the theories of socialism. He believed that socialism is the transitional period between capitalism and communism. In a state of socialism, there is no privately owned property. Under Capitalism, manufacturing enterprises dominate the economy but are privately owned and is operated


873 words - 3 pages rights and freedom, and the repression of religion.People assume that socialism and communism are identical because they are associated with Marx and interchangeable but they are not identical (Kendall,407).Marx's theory describes captialism as the first stage followed by socialism then communism. Marx believed that socialism is an unrealistic potential in captialism and once most workers recognize their interests and become "class conscious

Modern Political Ideas and Doctrines

2360 words - 9 pages TO HIS ABILITY, TO EACH ACCORDING TO HIS NEED” [2] In turn the revolution and newly allocating of resources would then slowly shift to communism; the difference being that in Socialism the full aspects of power and state control would be utilized, whilst in Communism the state would start to wither away. Furthermore the revolution would take place in the most capitalist of countries, Marx giving examples to Great

Is France A Socialist State?

956 words - 4 pages : the government has suggested to one hundred companies that they should use anonymous résumés, the president can dissolve the parliament whenever he sees fit and the current President, François Hollande, is a part of the socialist party. For the history of socialism; Karl Marx was the founder of socialism, along with communism. In his philosophy, he made it clear that capitalism is the worst thing for a society. He said in his philosophy, “[That

Class Systems in a Communist Society

1009 words - 5 pages slacker, can kill those incentives. It is for these reasons that Communist regimes have traditionally relied on deception, coercion, and force in order to put their ideals into action (“Results of Communism/Socialism”). Karl Marx is most known for proposing the class struggle. Marx’s definition of class was defined by the ownership of property. “Such ownership vests a person with the power to exclude from the property and to use it for personal

Communism No More

1695 words - 7 pages elimination of these differences, rather he points out Lenin's own statement about validating the basic communist theories in conformance with national and governmental differences (pg. 83). Nagy saw the recognition of these differences as one way to successfully transfer into socialism. To further the process of socialism, Nagy put Hungary on the "New Course" in June 1953, which was aimed at reforming communism. As Nagy points out in his

Similar Essays

Comparing Socialism And Communism Essay

680 words - 3 pages stated that in the 1964 the trend later reversed in that the life expectancy in the Soviet Union for women remained moderately steady, and that of the men counterpart went down dramatically. Furthermore, Dinkel noted that most of the western sources blamed this change on the growing abuse of alcohol and poor health care thus the implicit embracement by the Soviet Union authorities. Ideology of socialism and communism Socialism and communism are

Communism, Capitalism And Socialism Essay

7010 words - 28 pages century Yugoslavia, Two more theoretical models are Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar's Progressive Utilization Theory and Economic democracy.Public Enterprise Participatory Planning, an economy featuring social ownership of the means of production with allocation based on an integration of decentralized democratic planning, e.g. stateless communism, libertarian socialism. An incipient historical forebear is that of Catalonia during the Spanish revolution

Comparison Of Socialism And Communism Essay

1057 words - 4 pages To compare socialism and communism you must first understand the terms and some of their goals. Socialism is a system of social organization in which property and the distribution of income are subject to social control rather than individual determination or market forces. The government owns most of the basic business so that profits can be evenly distributed amongst the people. This case is evident in France where 75% of the communication

The Basics Of Socialism And Communism

1301 words - 5 pages The Basics of Socialism and Communism The radical political essay, Communist Manifesto- written by the German revolutionary philosopher Karl Marx, addresses numerous sociological problems of the 1800’s. In it, Marx basically calls for a proletariat, or working class, revolt and the installation of communism. Communism, also known as “scientific socialism”, like the latter name points out, is derived from socialism. These two
Scream 8.4 | janelldfw | Blackish S03E18 HDTV x264-FLEET [eztv]