Socialism And Communism Midterm Essay

2894 words - 12 pages

Salvatore Architetto
Socialism and Communism Midterm
Norman Markowitz
3/27/2014
Question #1
Marxism was created by Karl Marx and Federick Engels; they both sought out a better future for the working class. Marx, who was born in Germany in 1818 and died in London in 1883, lived in a world where he disagreed with capitalism whole heartedly. Frederick Engels was also born in Germany in 1820 and died in London in 1895. With this, they created their own philosophical and economic thought which was called Marxism. The problem with Marx was that he was always ready to change his mind about certain theories or ideas which he created. This is why it is very difficult to understand how Marxism works. Also Marxism is usually stereotyped with mainstream communism, which is why people seem to brush it off and just see it as some radical oppression machine. In Lenin’s words “the three main sources of Marxism are: British political economy, French Socialism, and German Idealist Philosophy”.
The origins of Marxism arose in the mid nineteenth century when Carl Marx wanted to make a completely equal society (Eaton). Also he was not the only one to have these kinds of views. There were several socialist who tried to reach out and explain what was going on. He basically tried to explain what was wrong with society at the time and how we can change for the better, in his view. Marxism was an opposition to the three main affecting the workers movement, Anarchism, Utopian, and the heavy tendencies of the bourgeoisie (Eaton). Marxism undermines all forms of authority, seeking destruction of the Capitalist state. At the very beginning of Marxism the individuals who promoted it were the calm folk who just wanted there to be a socialist future. The only problem was that there wasn’t any scientific basis to back Marxism. So throughout the years the scientific background to Marxism was created. Thus making Marxism a true philosophical thought to where the working class people can start following. Marx wanted to get rid of all kinds of social classes, including the class of wage-slaves (Eaton). Human freedom was the end goal at the end of days because at the time Marx saw nothing but oppression from the upper classes. So in a sense the general theory of Marxism is basically keeping the working class out of oppression and to make society as a whole equal, also completely eliminating capitalism from society. Using different dialectics to understand how we as a population can achieve true prosperity without having to sacrifice one’s time or skill. Stating that if we continue to use capitalism as a governing body society will never achieve progress but rather digress into a deeper whole. Eliminating capitalism and using communism is the answer to achieve true equality in the world.
Marxism also explained how general production also affected how society worked. Productive forces are basically human labor, like tools, equipment, buildings, and technology. Then there is...

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