Sociologically Essay

797 words - 4 pages

In a sociological perspective, there are a few different ways to see society. These ways come from other people’s opinions and their significant observations. Everyone views society as something different because of the way you grew up. Your culture, friends, family, school, experiences, etc. has all impacted your view on different subjects including your opinion on how society works. The book, Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach, has given three different ideas on how to view society. The three theoretical perspectives in sociology are symbolic interactionism, functional analysis, and conflict theory (Henslin, 2012).
Symbolic interactionism is composed of symbols that are used to constitute meaning, acquire views of the world, and communication (Henslin, 2012). In other words it is face-to-face interaction that uses symbols to help people create a social life (Henslin, 2012). Symbols help create our relationships, with out them we wouldn’t know our ancestry (Henslin, 2012). Without symbols, we wouldn’t have relationships or even teachers or employers (Henslin, 2012). For example, the meaning of divorce has changed overtime (Henslin, 2012). Divorce was seen as a symbol of failure in the past. Something that you should be ashamed of because you could not succeed in something the rest of the world could (Henslin, 2012). Now divorce is seen as freedom from a bad choice you made (Henslin, 2012). Another example is the meaning of keeping pure for marriage. In the past most people would keep pure for marriage as it was the symbol of marriage and highly looked down upon to the point that if you weren’t pure, no one would take you as their spouse. The ultimate gift you could give your spouse. Now the symbol has turned from giving to getting. It is now seen as a symbol of attraction instead of commitment. It depends on one or a group of people instead of the whole society like functional analysis.
Functional analysis is that we see society as a whole unit and that it is separated parts that come and work together (Henslin, 2012). Society is like a clock; if you have one piece missing then it won’t work. For society to work you need each separate part to work properly in order for itself to work. In other words, a group in society needs function to work (Henslin, 2012). For example,...

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