Stalin Achievment of His Aims in the USSR by 1939
Stalin's objectives are easy to distinguish although the exact time of
his ascension to autocracy was a gradual, indistinct one. Although
from the same party, he differed considerably from his rivals, such as
Trotsky's "Permanent Revolution being the antithesis to Stalin's
"socialism in one country".
Stalin's aims can be called the "Four faces of Stalinism," and,
following the New Economic Policy, passed several Five Year Plans to
industrialise and improve the economy. The next one of Stalin's aims
was the ideological unification and the developing of the "Stalin
cult". Stalin also wanted social mobility and a political
reorganization using the purges to destroy politics.
On the surface, most of Stalin's aims appeared to have been a success.
However, it is hard to tell in Russia as official statistics were
changed and any information strictly forbidden to the public.
Much of Stalin's earlier aims revolved around consolidating power,
both by eliminating opponents and rivals, then streamlining his own
party with men faithful to him as to ensure that there will be no
disloyalty to him from his own party. In this respect, Stalin achieved
his aims as the other main possible candidates for power following
Lenin's death in 1924, Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev were all expelled
from the party, and Trotsky was assassinated during his exile in
Mexico in 1940. Stalin achieved this by cutting off the "Old
Bolsheviks" and regarding them as the enemy and alienating them from
his own party. He was able to do this by primarily emphasising on
their different opinions, particularly regarding the "Permanent
Revolution" policy and use this to distinguish himself from the others
whilst undermining them. Stalin's seminal theories made Trotsky appear
a disloyal usurper. He used the fact that Trotsky, Zinoviev and
Kamenev wanted to disband the New Economic Policy and re-centralize
economy, saying that they did understand the function of the NEP.
Stalin put emphasis on the industrialization of Russia improving its
economy. He aimed to do this largely by increasing taxes on the
"kulaks", or the wealthy peasants and collectivising, which would aid
in easier mechanisation of agriculture and regulating the foodstuffs.
Initially, he second Five Year Plan of 1923-8 gained twelve times as
much output as had been hoped. Much of this was due to
electrification. Lenin commented, "Communism equals Soviet power plus
the electrification of the whole country". Urban population grew to
32% between 1920 and 1940. ' However, this was dampened with
undercurrents of underfulfilments as some of the objectives were too
unrealistic to be realized. In the 1930s, official records and
statistics were changed to disregard the undeniable effect the purges
were having on...