Success Of The League In The 1920's

2189 words - 9 pages

Success of The League In The 1920's

To determine whether the League of Nations was a success we need to
know what it aimed to achieve and to what extent were they achieved.
Their main aims were:

-To discourage aggression between nations

-To improve living and working conditions

-To encourage nations to disarm

-To encourage countries to cooperate, especially in business and trade

The first main aim of the L.O.N was to discourage aggression between
countries or to preserve peace. In 1920, both Sweden and Finland
wanted control of the Aaland Islands, which were midway between the
two countries. Both countries were threatening to fight for them. They
appealed to the League. After studying the matter closely the League
decided that the islands should go to Finland. Sweden accepted the
L.O.N ruling and war was avoided. The L.O.N was successful in sorting
out small border disputes like Finland and Sweden because they had
powerful leaders in with large armies leading the League so a small
and less powerful country would not consider retaliating. They also
could enforce economic sanctions, which for a small country could have
devastating effects on their economy. However not all disputes were
ended peacefully. The League Of Nations was much better at sorting out
small border disputes than compared with larger, more powerful
countries.

In 1923, the L.O.N failed to avert war between Greece and Italy. One
of the boundaries, which had to be sorted out after the war, was the
border between Greece and Albania. The job was given to an Italian
official to organise it. On August 27th while surveying the Greek
side, the party was ambushed and murdered. Mussolini was furious and
blamed the Greek government for the murder. On august 29th he demanded
that they pay compensation for the murder and have the murderers
executed. The Greeks, however claimed not to know whom the criminal
were so on august 31st Mussolini bombarded and occupied the Greek
island of Corfu. This was a serious situation for the L.O.N because it
was very similar to the events, which triggered WW1 so the League had
to act quickly. By September 7th it had come to a decisions. It
condemned Mussolini's actions and suggested that Greece pay
compensation but that the League would hold the money. If the killers
were found then it would be paid to Italy.

Officially Mussolini accepted the Leagues decision but behind the
scenes he got to work on the Conference Of Ambassadors and persuaded
them to change the ruling. The Greeks had to apologise and pay the
compensation directly to Italy. On September the 27th Mussolini left
Corfu boasting of his triumph.

The League Of Nations failed to sort out this dispute successfully
because of the some of the consequences it could face. Italy could
have easily occupied the...

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