What Exactly Are Super Volcanoes? Essay

1291 words - 6 pages

Volcanoes have been around for many centuries and will continue to exist for many more to come. Many people have their ideas of what they believe volcanoes are. Most believe that it is basically a mountain that shoots out lava, destroying anything and everything nearby. This assumption is actually proven accurate. Volcanoes are considered one of the most dangerous natural disasters; they can erupt suddenly, destroying everything in its way. People tend to be so afraid of volcanoes that most of them don’t realize that there is one concept far more terrifying than just a volcano: a super volcano. Most have never even heard of them, but it has been proven that they are much worse than just normal volcanoes. Super volcanoes are known for being larger and more powerful than your typical volcano. According to National Geographic Magazine, a super volcano is a term used which describes explosions with exceptional violence and volume. The USGS states within the magazine article that super volcanoes are known for ejecting more than 1,000 cubic kilometers of pumice and ash. Super volcanoes are known to be approximately ten times larger and more powerful than an average volcano. This magazine also makes a known analogy that compares volcanoes and super volcanoes in a better perspective. It states that “volcanoes form mountains, super volcanoes erase them; Volcanoes kill plants and animals for miles around; super volcanoes threaten whole species with pure extinction by changing the climate across the entire planet. In order to assess the meaning of a super volcano, we must look at the different impacts it can have on the climate, how they are known for flaring up, the most current form of measurement, and even a little bit of history to completely understand every aspect of this terrifying subject. (National Geographic Magazine).
According to National Geographic Magazine, there are no records indicating a super volcano actually ever having broken out with flare up. Scientists have predicted what these super eruptions may be like, but to this day there are no records indicating any actual super eruptions. Scientists hypothesize what they believe it would be like and it includes: heat consuming deep with the planet, melting rock beneath the crust of the earth, which causes many different natural chemicals to mix together creating a build up of pressure which will massively and suddenly erupt tremendously. It can be known that super volcanoes leave behind what is called a caldera, which derives from the Spanish word cauldron (National Geographic Magazine). Scientists find fascination behind these super volcanoes and hope to actually see the remnants of an eruption. While scientists have not actually seen an actual full super eruption, there have been reports in the past about small “hot-spot” eruptions. There is a difference between an eruption and just a small eruption from one of these hot spots. The most common areas known for having seen these hot spot...

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