Modern Drama is our focus as a good example to be under consideration. We can define the terms of Drama and Modern literally as we find them in Merriam-Webster Dictionary " a piece of writing that tells a story and is performed on a stage" as a definition of Drama, while Modern defined as " relating to the present time or the recent past : happening, existing, or developing at a time near the present time", but the definition of Modern Drama, a term of literature, is slightly different. Modern Drama is the Western progress of drama that was founded at the late ninetieth century.
Modern Drama was influenced by Henrik Ibsen who was the great Norwegian dramatist as ...view middle of the document...
In this movement authors were able to handle dark topics and reinforced them by sophisticated technique. Expressionism is another important term which is similar to symbolism. It expresses the outer world as secondary while the inner feelings is the primary one. According to TalkTalk website:
Expressionism in art, attempts to portray the inner workings of a person's mind by, effectively, turning them ‘inside out’ and allowing mental states to shape their face, body, and even the world in which they live. In theatre, expressionism results in a drama of social protest, in which representation of the outer world took second place to the inner turmoil experienced by the main character, which is expressed via long monologues.
There are many authors who have written in this era, such as Henrik Ibsen ,Oscar Wilde, John Galsworthy, Harley Parker, John Masefield, and George Bernard Shaw.
Shaw was the best playwright of the modern age. He was born in Dublin, on twenty-sixth of July in 1856. He was a Protestant by inheritance. He was a member of the socialist movement, which allowed him to express his ideas and beliefs in the conference that made him known to the public. At the age of twenty he went to London to start his literary journey. Shaw was a music critic and novelist but he did not gain fame. Shaw was greatly influenced by the social realism works of Ibsen, because the theater of London did not address such ideas and subjects. This encouraged him to write his ideas in the form of plays.
Shaw has written great plays like The Devil's Disciple (1897), a play on the American Revolution, which was received with great success in New York . It was published in the volume Three Plays for Puritans (1901) along with Caesar and Cleopatra (1899), notable for its realistic, humorous portraits of historical figures, and Captain Brassbound's Conversion (1900). In 1898 he published his work which consists of six plays under the title of Pleasant and Unpleasant, one of them called Candida. The story of Candida is about misunderstanding of love and honesty in social relationships. He also wrote the great play Man and Superman during the early twentieth century in which he discussed the idea that man is a spiritual creature, while woman is a physical creature. Pygmalion (1913) is a story about the transformation of flower girl into a sophisticated lady in which he criticizes the social classes, marriage, and relationship.
Shaw's plays were warmly welcomed by the public although they contained more ideas than the dramatic conflict. His plays are known as plays of ideas because each play is preceded by a preface to discuss the ideas that he will handle in the play. He discuss poverty, social classes , relationships, government, and other issues. This does not mean that his plays were not good but they were on the highest level of wordplay. According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia " He is the only person to have been awarded...