The American Revolution: A Global War is a work evaluating the political events and diplomatic history beginning in 1754 with the Seven Years' War/French and Indian War and continuing through the American Revolution and concluding with the Treaty of Paris in 1783. The authors informally take the position that many Americans believe that the American Revolution was an "entirely American conflict" in which the French gave tacit military support and that the conflict only occurred in America (p. vii). Thus, Dupuy, Hammerman and Hayes demonstrate to what extent European nations were directly involved politically, militarily, and economically in the American Revolution. They contend that the European powers were heavily involved in this conflict and support their argument with their discussion of the various political and diplomatic intrigues behind the scenes, as well as descriptions of battles across the globe and, finally, the very "international" nature of the American army with the insertion of supplies, men, and officers from Europe. In conclusion, the overall theme of the book is that the American Revolution was a continuation of the Seven Years' War, that the conflict involved actors on the international scene, and that battles occurred outside of the thirteen American states, thus making the American Revolution a global war.
The American Revolution: A Global War begins with a discussion of the international nature of the Seven Years' War, highlighting the harsh peace that the British imposed on France and Spain as well as the tensions in Europe in the inter-war period. The focus of this shifts back to America with a summation of growing tensions between Britain and the thirteen American colonies that led to violence and culminated in outright revolt, thus creating need for the new country to seek assistance in Europe.
The authors briefly examine the international status of the officers and men who served on both sides of the conflict. The foreign officers who served in the Revolution are introduced, many of who are remembered by the towns, cities, or counties in America that bear their name. British forces fighting in America were composed of many international elements, such as mercenaries hired from German principalities and from among the Scots in America, some fought as Loyalists.
The motivations of the international actors in the American Revolution are another theme visited by the authors. The groundwork of the Franco-American cooperation began with France and its cover and over support of the Americans with areas of munitions, supplies, and support. The Franco-American alliance is examined, with the French assistance in the American theater of the conflict. The focus then shifts to Spain's efforts (together with France) to re-take Gibraltar. Spain's war efforts in the Americas were limited to...