The Battle Of Gettysburg Essay

1286 words - 6 pages

It is known as the bloodiest battle ever fought on American soil: The Battle of Gettysburg. It seemed that the battlefield was hungering and thirsting for blood. Entering with great momentum, the South lost. The Battle of Gettysburg roared on for three whole days until the North, finally, was victorious. This victory added to the North’s dwindling momentum. This battle delivered a major blow to the South’s ego and drove the Confederacy back into the South. This victory gave the North an offensive position in the war, won a major battle, gave the North hope, and proved that the North was capable of beating the South.
In May, 1863, General Robert E. Lee led his army on the invasion of the north. Entering with great numbers, the Confederacy was bound to win. The first battle was the battle of Chancellorsville. (“Gettysburg”) General Lee and his army claimed an astounding victory over the Union. The South was gaining more momentum with every battle. The morale of General
Lee’s men was high. Lee then led his army on stage two of the invasion: The Gettysburg Campaign. (“Gettysburg”) Lee intended to secure supplies, such as shoes, from the Pennsylvania farmlands. General Robert E. Lee needed to threaten northern cities and win a major battle in the North. This would strike fear into the hearts of the northern people. On the other side the Northern general Joseph Hooker was given an order. Abraham Lincoln ordered him to move his army in pursuit of General Lee and his men. Three days later General Joseph Hooker was replaced by General George Gordon Meade. Meade immediately moved his forces between D.C. and General Lee. When Lee found out about General Meads move he made his. He stopped in his tracks and focused his full efforts on the city of Gettysburg.
On the first day of fighting the Union and the confederacy met outside of Gettysburg. The Union force of about three thousand was pushed back through Gettysburg by Confederate reinforcements. The Union held Culps Hill, Cemetery Hill, and Cemetery Ridge. The South held Seminary Ridge. (King, 15-27) The next day the North’s reinforcements had arrived. A Union general, Dan Sickles, moved up his line without permission of General George Gordon Meade.
The South took this advantage and had made several attempts at breaking through the Union lines but was stopped every time. The confederacy made an attempt on Little Round Top. This would have been a game changer. General Meade foresaw his actions and had placed troops on the hill shortly before Lee’s attack. They stopped the confederacy from overtaking Little Round Top. On the third and final day of the battle General Lee ordered Longstreet to charge and try to take Cemetery Ridge with about twelve thousand men. The confederates bombarded Cemetery Ridge for two hours. After they stopped Pickett charged. As Pickett’s men were running through the valley, they took lethal fire from the Round Tops. The South pushed on and was two hundred yards...

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