The Contributions Of Ancient Civilizations To History

1159 words - 5 pages

What contributions did near eastern civilizations make to history? New ideas and inventions of Pre History man were important, but how they evolved and led to new and more complex ideas and inventions is imperative to history. Over time these advancements brought people into a more efficient living environment, making for higher population and spread of cultural, political, economic, and social ideals over large geographical areas.

What we know about the people before written records is limited to what artifacts and artwork we find. Pre History man used crude tools made of primarily stone. During the Upper Paleolithic era, beginning about 40,000 B.C., people refined these tools by using polished stone. New tools like fishhooks and sewing needles were made out of bone and wood during this time.

During the Neolithic revolution around 11,000 B.C., people made the first semi-permanent settlements. Storing Grain in pits made it possible to survive without moving in the winter months. Around 6,000 B.C. Agriculture was becoming widely used as a primary means of survival. The first evidence of domesticated cattle was also found in this time frame. Primitive civilizations such as Jericho were growing at this time and a series of long distance trade routes were established. This was a step towards the first urban-based civilizations, as a significant number of people were becoming full time in a non-agricultural trade.

The first primary civilization was located in Southern Mesopotamia, known as Sumer. The Sumerians invented the first writing known as Cuneiform. We are left with tens of thousands of written records on many aspects of the Sumerians, the most notable of these being the Epic of Gilgamesh. This is an account of a legendary Sumerian King, the first ever of its kind. The Sumerians are also responsible for inventing the wheel. Originally used to make pottery, but later being used on donkey driven carts and chariots. The Sumerians also invented a method of dividing time into multiples of sixty that is still used today. Other inventions of the Sumerians are the sailboat, bronze plow, and a study of pharmacology and healing.

Early Egyptians were behind the Sumerian cultures in most aspects of culture. During the Archaic Period (3000-2715 B.C.) The Egyptians invented their own writing system called Hieroglyphs. These were not deciphered until the nineteenth century A.D. When an artifact called the Rosetta stone was discovered with the same text in three different scripts. Probably the most famous Egyptian accomplishment was there architecture. The great Pyramids, built in the Old Kingdom (2715-2170 B.C.), are an example of their architectural superiority. The Solar calendar was another innovation ahead of any others, far more accurate than the lunar calendar created by the Sumerians. The Romans would go on to adopt the Egyptian Calendar with the Sumerian time division.

In Mesopotamia there were many...

Find Another Essay On The Contributions of Ancient Civilizations to History

The Development of religions in ancient civilizations in relation to the fear of death

1019 words - 4 pages describes the idea of resurection, which means raising from the dead.The promise of life after death seems to have dominated at all levels of Egyptian culture.Within the Mespotamians beliefs, the fear of death also existed and the the search for immortality and ever-lasting life formed basis of religion. For example, the mospotamian history mentions that:"Despairing over Enkidu's death, Gilgamesh undertakes a long hazardous quest in search of everlasting

Contributions of ancient egypt Essay

1376 words - 6 pages Contributions of ancient egypt Many of ancient Egypt's contribution to society not only advanced them as a civilization but left an impressionable impact on the accomplishments of the modern day. Nestled within the fertile valley of the Nile, Egypt was protected on all sides from invasion and at the same time uninfluenced by many outside cultures. Although its overall isolation by the expanse of the surrounding desert to the west and the red sea

Comparing and contrasting the ancient civilizations of Egypt and China

528 words - 2 pages . There were gods for everything, like in the Egyptian religion; each god would represent something.The ancient civilizations of Egypt and China were very similar. The government in both places was similarly set up and the geography of China was very much alike to the geography of Egypt. Religion was also a common trait of these two civilizations. Strangely, considering these two cultures developed isolated from each other, they share a lot of common traits.

The Influence of Water Accessability on Ancient Civilizations

713 words - 3 pages Water is one of the most important elements needed to sustain life. Some ancient civilizations struggled to maintain a steady supply of usable water, while others gained consistent access, and those that did, thrived. Nonetheless, these civilizations, whether they failed or succeeded, depended on water to drink and irritate their crops; without it, they suffered food shortages and famine. Ancient civilizations such as China, Egypt, Mesopotamia

Water: The Catalyst of Development In Ancient Civilizations

1395 words - 6 pages Water is the precious resource that has been a driving factor of progess in the past and the determining factor of development in the future. Ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Rome, and China understood that water is not simply a valuable resource that is crucial to survival and is the very essence of life, but also an important prerequisite for further development. Many of these ancient civilizations flourished as a direct result of

The Changing Role of Women in Ancient Civilizations

2594 words - 10 pages Henrik Ibsen once said, “A woman cannot be herself in the society of the present day, which is an exclusively masculine society, with laws framed by men and with a judicial system that judges feminine conduct from a masculine point of view.”(Notable Quotes) Ibsen’s statement exemplifies what life was like for women during ancient times. In many of the organized ancient civilizations, it was very common to find a primarily patriarchal

Ancient Civilizations And How They Relate To Today. Speaks Of Ancient Egypt, Rome And Greece

4893 words - 20 pages leaders as well. Some of them were Julius Caesar and Gnaws Pampey. Pampey led his legions in a series of successful campaigns in Asia Minor, Syria, and Palestine. Caesar had won victories in Spain and had attracted a large following in Rome.In conclusion, these civilizations are different in the ways of culture but modified each others new ideas and inventions, which is why we have many of the things we have today. Without these civilizations, we wouldn't have any of the things we have today. A few examples are: the wheel, the alphabet, and several new types of government. We owe a great deal of gratitude to these ancient civilizations.

Early Contributions of Ancient Empires

1013 words - 4 pages Early Contributions of Ancient Empires At various times between the fifth and seventeenth centuries, civilizations developed and produced significant contributions in the areas of political systems and leadership, economic and technological developments, social structures, and the intellectual life, specifically art, music, literature, science, philosophy, and religion. The Ottomans drew strength from their origins as ghazis. The ghazi

Civilizations in Ancient Times: The Roman Civilization

671 words - 3 pages The ancient roman civilization is considered to be one of the best civilizations in ancient times. Not only because it lasted so long but because of the size of the empire was so huge and well organized. According to popular legend two brothers named Romulus and Remus were abandoned by an evil uncle on the banks of the Tiber river. Before they drowned a she-wolf found them and nurtured them back to health. They grew up to be strong and very

Civilizations of Ancient China and East Asia

1338 words - 5 pages , introducing them to new foods that could be grown. Chinese metal working was the most impressive and advanced. Because the Han had military so far from the center of China, out-post were set up, but it was still a financial burden on the Han government. “A major intellectual accomplishment of the Han Dynasty was history writing”. (139) Most of the population in the Han Dynasty was made up of peasants. The government kept taxes low to prevent

Francis Bacon's Contributions to History

876 words - 4 pages “A wise man will make more opportunities than he finds.” who knows which famous writer said this? Have you ever heard of the famous writer Francis Bacon. Many of you may have heard of him. For the people who haven’t, you should know he was not the inventor of bacon. He is very famous for other reasons. Today you will learn about his life, what his careers were, why he was famous, and his contributions to history. His life started on the date of

Similar Essays

Contributions Of Ancient Egypt To Western Civilizations

605 words - 2 pages Western civilization can be traced back from Egypt as early as 3000 B.C., when civilization was just beginning to unfold. The Ancient Egyptian civilization is the oldest and by far the most influential of its time. Ancient Egypt contributed much too Western civilization. Their achievements in writing, mathematics, and keeping time shaped the growth of Western civilization. Many of the ideas initiated are still associated with civilization

The Role Of Scribes In Ancient Civilizations

1746 words - 7 pages From the early Bronze Age (3500 BCE) to near the end of the Iron Age (0AD), civilizations appeared and then slowly dissolved. In all of these civilizations there was one class in common, the scribe, someone who can read and write. Scribes played a pivotal role in ancient civilizations, they were the reason we advanced throughout those ages, and against general belief, some of these scribes were women. The scribal class in Mesopotamia emerged

Comparison Of Civilizations In The Ancient World

1072 words - 4 pages pictographic symbols that suggests a form of writing which contained more than 400 characters (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010). As with the other early civilizations, the Yellow and Yangtze River provided the agricultural support for Chinese civilization. This agricultural support system would eventually lead to two of the most prominent food producing areas in ancient civilization. Although agriculture played a significant role in the development of China

Development Of Ancient Civilizations Essay

876 words - 4 pages Geographic factors influenced early ancient civilization’s developments of their nations and regions. These factors also stimulated the dissemination of culture. To name a few, Egypt and Mesopotamia both highly relied on its river. Greece being surrounded by mountains that divided the land led to the development of city states. These factors played a major part of how these civilizations came to be who they are. An early river valley
HD Somnium | گردشی در برگن ، دومین شهر بزرگ نروژ | Charmed 1x09