The Differences Between The North And South On The Eve Of The Civil War

1022 words - 4 pages

The Differences between the North and South on the Eve of the Civil War

On the eve of the Civil war, both the North and the South had
differences, both minor and large. The main difference was Slavery
where both sides had a completely dissimilar view point on how the
treat black people an example of this is the Missouri compromise in
1820. There were also differences in the rate of industrialisation and
Education.

The largest difference between the North and the South was the number
of free black people. The North had hardly any slaves; however the
South had around 4 million slaves. The North always looked at the
South with antipathy and kept trying to abolish slavery, but the South
didn’t like the North interfering and wanted to continue the use of
slavery. The Missouri compromise was another issue between the North
and the South. Missouri was a territory state, and it opted to be in
the Union in 1818. There was a proposal to ban Slavery in Missouri,
even though there were more than 2000 slaves living there, in
desperation, Missouri asked for help from the South. Maine was another
territory that had petitioned to enter the union, so in 1820 a
compromise was set and Missouri was allowed to stay a slave state, and
Maine was declared a free state. This meant that the balance between
the Free states and slave states was equal and therefore they were
able to make the compromise.

Industry in the North was making rapid progress; there was
urbanisation and big cities such as Chicago were taking form. However
the North was still agricultural as well as being industrialised. The
south also had made some progress, however not in the same way as the
North. In the South, the cotton gin made the processing of cotton easy
and by 1860, 60% of US exports consisted of cotton. Although this may
seem good for the South, it still meant that shipping the cotton was
impossible from the south, and therefore they had to look towards the
North. The industrialized North had the facilities and the harbors to
ship the cotton but this meant that the South had to pay the North to
do so. The cotton exhausted the soil very quickly and therefore the
centre of production had to move westwards towards the Mississippi and
Alabama, this expansion was encouraged by the UK.

Another difference between the North and the South was that the North
had realized how important education was, and therefore was giving
free education even...

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