The Farmer's Movement Of The Late 19th Century

1114 words - 4 pages

During the late nineteenth century, the agrarian movement evolved into a political force that energized American farmers to voice their political and economic grievances like never before. Although the movement essentially died after William Jennings Bryan's loss of the 1896 Presidential election, many of the reforms they fought for were eventually passed into law.

American farmers found themselves facing hard times after the Civil War. In the West, the railroad had opened up enormous opportunities. Farmers were now able to cultivate land that had previously been to far from the Eastern markets to make a profit. However, that opportunity came at a price. The farmers increasing dependence on the railroads and other commercial interests made them an easy target for exploitative business practices.

The growth in land also contributed to overproduction, which was another factor contributing to the farmer's hardships. The expansion of farmland combined with the mechanical advances in agricultural technology greatly increased production in the west.

In the south, sharecropping and the cycle of debt it generated led to overproduction. In order for a tenant farmer to get out from under debt to the landowner they needed to increase planting, creating a surplus of cotton and tobacco. In both sections of the country overproduction led to falling crop prices and soil exhaustion.

In 1867, Oliver Kelley saw the plight of the American farmer and created the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, the National Grange. Loosely modeled after the Masons, the Grange originally set out to be more of a social and educational outlet to help combat the isolation felt by many farming families and included women among its members. Eventually the purpose of the grange expanded into the political sphere. The Grange became the head of a nationwide agrarian movement, serving a purpose similar to that of a union to industrial laborers. Membership rose rapidly after the Panic of 1873, peaking at one and a half million members in 1875.

The chief political goal of the Grangers was relief from the exorbitant carriage fees charged by the railroads and warehouses. They created hundreds of buying cooperatives, founded banks, pushed through legislation regulating railroads, and campaigned for political candidates who were sympathetic to their cause.

Their campaign for government regulation of the railroad led to their most significant victory. In 1877, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Granger cause in Munn v. Illinois. In this case it upheld the power of the states to regulate the rates of railroads and other businesses since their conduct affected the community at large. This shows a departure from the prevalent laissez-faire economics of the time and sets precedent for government regulation of business.

As agricultural conditions improved, membership declined. Although few of their economic initiatives succeeded, much of their political agenda was...

Find Another Essay On The Farmer's Movement of the Late 19th Century

The Motivations of the 19th Century American Anti-chinese Movement

1617 words - 6 pages In the late 19th century, a national wide anti-Chinese movement took place in the United States of America. The Chinese immigrants were excluded by the Native Americans. Their stores were stolen; their houses were burned down and even worse, many of them were killed. However, if we refer back the history of America, we will find that the early Chinese immigrants were accepted by Americans and were not the immediate targets of hostility or

Significant Changes in World History from late 19th Century to the end of the 20th Century

1618 words - 6 pages represent this transformation,and why?In the period from the late 19th to the end of the 20th century, the world underwent many dramatic changes that impacted every aspect of society. Technological innovations have produced a highly interconnected world. Communication was greatly improved first by the advent of the telephone and recently, the internet. Travel was made exponentially quicker evolving from trains to automobiles and airplanes. These

Compare and contrast America’s “Manifest Destiny” of the mid-19th century with its “Imperialism” of the late 19th century

1301 words - 6 pages Imperialism era could be compared to this example easily. An article was made during the late 1800’s, when the Spanish-American war was almost ending, and it was entitled Shall Cuba be Taken for Christ. This article basically personified the idea that if America were to take Cuba under their wing after the war is over, that they should send missionaries to the island and spread the word of Christianity through the ‘uncivilized’ island and teach the

The Role of the Individual and Society in the Late 19th Century, Nationalism

1995 words - 8 pages The Role of the Individual and Society in the Late 19th Century, Nationalism A young boy of both German and Italian heritage opens a book on his ancestry. The earliest recordable links he can trace from his Italian and German roots are two tribes. The tribes are very similar in all aspects that he can discern. The German people have the same interests, occupations, religions, and traditions. Identical traits are seen in the Italian

Law And Order In The Late 19th Century

880 words - 4 pages Law And Order In The Late 19th Century At the beginning of the 1800s, crime went up a significant amount because of the Industrial Revolution. Theft was the main crime. Because so many people were living in such a small area it lead to crime. With the invention of steam power, which lead to factories, which lead to cities. With cities now growing all over England, law and order needed to be improved. London s

Nationalism and Racism in the Late 19th and 20th Century

1247 words - 5 pages In the late 19th century, with the squelching of the revolutions of 1848, many Europeans still desired reforms. In this desire, the longing for unification began to gain ground. As the probability of unification in places, such as, Germany and Italy began to intensify, Europeans with liberal views quickly began to entertain a nationalistic way of thinking. Many leaders of this school of thought were supporters of, British statesman, Benjamin

United States Governmental Issues During the Late 19th Century

1331 words - 5 pages United States Governmental Issues During the Late 19th Century Thesis: Although the American Government failed to take effective actions to solve the major concerns of the late 19th century, many attempts were taken to solve such controversal conflicts. The young divided nation that had just reconstructed itself from the debts of a civil war now stood as a whole to deal with even more domestic issues. Problems concerning civil service

Failed Farm and Labor Organizations in the Late 19th Century

1203 words - 5 pages public, these major strikes were lawless and could have been considered a form of anarchy. They were seen as a form of rebellion against business and government. American society of the late 1800's opposed the labor movement was seen as being made up of violent troublemakers and anarchists. The image of unions was in part due to the Haymarket Square Bombing, which was associated with anarchists, and confirmed the public's opinion when several

Law and Order in London in the Late 19th Century

1565 words - 6 pages Law and Order in London in the Late 19th Century The East End of London was well known for its high crime levels. There was a very dense population which resulted in high levels of poverty, unemployment and of course crime. People in the East End would often turn to crimes such as thieving, prostitution and drunkenness. People were frequently driven to perpetrate criminal acts by desperation, despondency and the idea

Aunt Jemima's Advertising Campaign from the Late 19th to the Late 20th Century

1995 words - 8 pages "slave mammy," she looks more like a mid-level executive in the food-service industry. There are many reasons why people like or dislike advertisements. White people in the late 19th and early 20th century loved the advertisement campaign for Aunt Jemima because it made them feel superior yet close to the Aunt Jemima figure that resembled their slave. But in the same situation where someone might love the advertisement for making them feel

The Abolitionist Movement of Slavery from the Early 19th Century to the American Civil War

1557 words - 7 pages At the dawn of the 19th century, slavery in the United States faced an uncertain future. Many had predicted that Industrial America would eventually eradicate slavery, but the introduction of Eli Whitney’s cotton gin impeded those predictions. This increased the profitability of slavery as each decade passed until the time of the American Civil War. This offended most people of America, especially Northerners. People who are against slavery and

Similar Essays

The Italian Diaspora Of The Late 19th And Early20th Century

1620 words - 6 pages issued more than 350,000 Italian passports between 1998 and 2004 (Ragir). In comparison to the Italian diaspora of the early 19th century, this number is very small, however it demonstrates a growing trend of Italian descendants returning to their families’ mother country. Initially I was going to research the migration of the Portuguese to South America. While looking for sources I learned about the Italian diaspora. My own family

Imperialistic Behavior Of America During The Late 19th Century

941 words - 4 pages In the years following the Civil War, the United States turned to rebuilding and isolation. However, as the century approached its close there was a turn towards expansion and imperialism. The politics of the Gilded Age, tainted with corruption and weak leadership, led to Americans to attempt to show their strength. The first imperialistic opportunity was presented to President Grover Cleveland. With a small scale revolution of white planters in

Agrarian Woes In The Late 19th Century

982 words - 4 pages of the Great Uprising [Document F]. His message may have been an accurate portrayal of the farmers woes, however, the fear that the monopolies would raise prices unreasonably never came to fruition. The late 19th century actually saw prices drop, spawning an era of consumerism. Therefore, farmers lost validity because monopolies inflicted little harm to the agrarian lifestyle in the late 19th century. Railroads allowed for enormous opportunities

Women In The Late 19th Century

1378 words - 6 pages seen as appropriate and advertise the efforts made towards gender equality. When concerning the home front of 19th century Europe, women were “the cult of domesticity” and were highly regarded as wives, mothers, and part of the working class. A lofty character was necessary in completing the demanding tasks surrounding the home life. Images of women ranging from newspapers to fine art all displayed the universal theme that the duty of women was
その他のカメラバッグアクセサリー | Auslogics BoostSpeed Premium 10 0 19 0 | Dark Souls III- XATAB