The Man in the High Castle: Criticisms of Reality and Dictatorship by Philip K. Dick
“Reality is that which, when you stop believing in it, doesn't go away.” -Philip K. Dick
Botwinick writes in A History of the Holocaust, “The principle that resistance to evil was a moral duty did not exist for the vast majority of Germans. Not until the end of the war did men like Martin Niemoeller and Elie Wiesel arouse the world’s conscience to the realization that the bystander cannot escape guilt or shame” (pg. 45). In The Man in the High Castle, Philip K. Dick writes of a world where Niemoeller and Wiesel’s voices never would have surfaced and in which Germany not only never would have repented for the Holocaust, but would have prided itself upon it. Dick writes of a world where this detached and guiltless attitude prevails globally, a world where America clung on to its isolationist policies, where the Axis powers obtained world domination and effectively wiped Jews from the surface, forcing all resistance and culture to the underground and allowing for those in the 1960’s Nazi world to live without questioning the hate they were born into.
The Man in the High Castle is an alternative history novel that takes place in a reality that diverts from our own when Franklin D. Roosevelt is assassinated in 1933. In this way, the United States never enters into World War II. The novel follows the stories of a few characters scattered through the now puppet-state America. Many character decisions in the book are made by the use of the I Ching oracle, a testament to the influence and control of the Axis powers on culture as well as the questioning of the control of one’s own fate, something that is not reflected in the totalitarian ideals of the Nazi dictatorship.
The characters that are most central to the influence of the Holocaust on this post-war world are Frank Fink and Mr. Baynes, two Jews whom have somehow escaped Nazi execution and continue to live by means of changing their names and surgically altering their appearance (supporting the Nazi idea of Jewishness being ethnic, not cultural nor religious). While both under-radar Jews, each works as a pillar of society, and each represents deception.
Fink works in the antiquities industry, creating replicas of pre-War American weapons that are passed off as authentic. His occupation is reflective of society and of his place in it – to appear authentic but continue to deceive. Since the Axis has gained control of the world, the Nazi’s control over media that was present when the Third Reich came to power has accumulated globally and in a stifling way. In sharp contrast to our own reality, television never becomes popular and radio continues to be the predominant information source; because of the stifling of the development of American culture, there has been an acute interest in pre-war American memorabilia. In this way, a large market for forgeries has emerged, and Fink works...