The Nazca’s Of Peru Mysterious Lines

961 words - 4 pages

Until commercial air travel began flying between Lima and Arequipa (a southern Peruvian city) in the late 1920’s, one of the Nazca most beautiful mysteries was still completely in the dark. Nazca lines have puzzled virtually anyone who has taken interest in their true meaning. Archeologists, anthropologists, scientists, and historians have still to this day never figured out the exact reason for these huge desert-drawings, but there are some very promising theories. When I first saw the pictures of the geolyphys (lines and figures in the sand) my initial thought was: who could see these? They didn’t have planes when these were first made (around 200 B.C)? Because of the lack of technology then, I figured it must have been for their ‘God’ or ‘Deity’ to see and enjoy. What I did not realize is the topography of Peru is very mountainous, and each drawing is done in an area where viewing from a mountain is sufficiently high enough. Academics have theorized and tried to explain the Nazca lines in multiple ways. Some explanations are reasonable, such as; Inca roads, irrigation plans, and to be enjoyed from primitive hot air balloons. Some of the “less” reasonable theories are drawn from virtually no evidence and have gone as far as saying that the lines are actually landing strips for aliens spaceships.
As we know for many indigenous groups- the Nazca’s included- water has always been something crucial to life. The northern region of Chile and the coastal region of southern Peru are actually some of the driest places on earth. Fortunately, the Nazca culture is said to have began in a ‘protected basin’ of sorts. The reason this area was able to house an up-and-coming civilization is all thanks to the mountains and the lush river systems they provided. Since the mountains held such great powers in the eyes of the Nazca’s, it is reasonable to assume that the Nazca lines have something to do with water and the mountains. The lines them selves are created rather simply. When the Nazca’s would remove a layer of dark rocks that overlapped the much lighter ground, the light colour of the sand would create the line. I personally wondered how these massive drawings could still be in beautiful shape today. Yes, there is very little wind to destroy it, and the mountains act as a natural shield, but something still didn’t add up. Over such an extreme period of time, you would think there would be a significant amount of distortion – so what really kept the sand in place? There is now evidence from the magnetic signals under the drawing sites that suggests compacting of the sand lines. This is an important key as to how the lines have lasted so well, for so long. Its speculated that the Nazca’s used the drawings as an outdoor stage for...

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