The Philippines: The Future Of Pasig River

1559 words - 6 pages

The Future Pasig River

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE………………………………………………………………………………..i

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY………………………………………………………….ii

CONTENTS………………………………………………………………………...iii

LIST OF FIGURES………………………………………………………………...iv

1.0 INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………….1

1.1TERMS OF REFERENCE…………………………………………………1

1.2 PROCEDURE……………………………………………………………...1

1.3 BACKGROUND…………………………………………………………....1

2.0 FINDINGS……………………………………………………………………….2

2.1 POLLUTION SOURCES…………….…………………………………...2

2.1.1 Factories Situated in the Pasig River Basin……………...2

2.1.2 Domestic Liquid and Solid Waste………………………....3

2.2 PUBLIC COOPERATION AND STRATEGIC GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES………………………………………..……………….....4

3.0 CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………………..5

REFERENCES………………………………………………………………………6

iii

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Terms of Reference
This report was requested by MMMM VMMM my Communications lecturer, to discuss the factors that dreadfully affected Pasig River’s aquatic life, and its rehabilitation. The report was requested on 19 March 2014 to be submitted by 09 May 2014 with recommendations.

1.2 Procedure
Information was gathered for this report from:
• Water Issues in Southeast Asia: Present Trends and Future Direction
• Environmental and Engineering Research Website
• Water Pollution Control: A guide to the use of water quality management principles
• Pasig River Watch Website
• Tempo Website
• Philippines Travel Guide Website

1.3 Background
Philippines has at least 99 million people with 13% of the total population residing in Metro Manila. Metro Manila, the National Capital Region is recognised as the main industrial and commercial centre of the Philippines. “Metro Manila has the highest population density, at 16,497 person per km², and most of its land area is limited for development expansion, with little or no area for agriculture” (Gorme et al., 2010, p. 173). The 15.5-mile (25 km) river flows through the nine cities of Manila, and links Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay. During the Spanish colonial period, Pasig River played a major role in providing the community food, transport, and livelihood.

Throughout the years, river was neglected and often taken for granted by the residents. As a result, Pasig River was declared biologically dead in 1990 and one of the most polluted rivers in the country (Andrade, 2013). Its beauty is now an eyesore – filled with rubbish and blackened by water pollution.

1

Figure 1. Pasig River in 1890s (Fee, 1912, p. 46)

2.0 FINDINGS

2.1Pollution Sources

• Factories Situated in the Pasig River Basin

Pasig River has been biologically dead for almost 20 years. Factories are considered as the principal polluters of the river. Its canals were used as sewerage for the industrial waste from factories. There are more than 300 factories operating on the river’s banks, releasing an average of 145 t of biochemical...

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