The History Of The Ira Essay

4922 words - 20 pages

Northern Ireland has been plagued by bloody and virtually ceaseless violence for the better part of the last hundred years. The conflict in Northern Ireland is a combination of religious strife between Catholics and Protestants, nationalism versus colonialism and a search for a true Irish identity that has been elusive since the colonization of Ireland in 1603. Republicans in Ireland seek a unified Ireland, one that is free from the imperialistic hands of the British crown. In hopes of achieving this goal, the Irish Republican Army has waged a violent and bloody campaign against both Protestant unionists in the North and the English themselves. From 1920 until 1998 the IRA methods of terror instilled fear in the people of Northern Ireland while the division within its population grew deeper. The Belfast Agreement of 1998 represents the most promising opportunity for a peaceful political resolution and an end to IRA violence in Northern Ireland because the recent approach towards peace contrasts the approaches taken in previously failed attempts.

The process of politics in Northern Ireland bears the scars of long years of violence. The republicans, unionists and the British have all suffered high casualty rates from political and religiously motivated aggression. During the eighty or so years of violence there have been only two respectable attempts to establish a platform of peace that would satisfy each of the three key actors in this conflict. Each of these moves for peace crumbled because they were constructed on a weak and susceptible foundation. As Irish history demonstrates, reaching a peaceful solution will require a foundation that satisfies the needs of all those involved. "Politics in Northern Ireland has never been a process. There, politics has been a zero-sum game with all the spoils going to the victors, with a huge dose of fatalism and frustration residing with the vanquished" (Arthur & Jeffery, 1996, 110). This zero-sum game of political violence is what brought about the two peace efforts prior to 1998, but it is necessary to explore the events that lead up to the need for peace, and answer the question of why they collapsed.

In 1916 Patrick Pearse ignited the flame of the republican movement. On April 24, 1916, Pearse and his supporters rallied in Dublin and declared Ireland an independent and sovereign state, free from British rule. His vision of a free Irish Republic unleashed a wave of nationalism that escalated when the leaders of what would be known as the Easter Rising were arrested and executed. The Sinn Fein (the political wing of the republican movement) based their political agenda around achieving this goal and adopted the idea of Ireland as a sovereign and independent republic. In 1918 the Sinn Fein boycotted the seats they had won in the Irish wing of the Westminster parliament, expressing that they did not believe in a foreign parliament guiding Irish interests. Instead, they formed...

Find Another Essay On The History of the IRA

Ira Aldridge: The First African-American Othello

2312 words - 9 pages to perform in theatre, neither were African-Americans. However, one of the first African-Americans to perform on stage was Ira Aldridge. Ira Aldridge was the first African-American man to perform as Othello, presumably making Aldridge one of the most iconic actors to have portrayed Othello. Although there have been dozens of famous portrayals of Othello, Ira Aldridge was one of the most illustrious actors to have played Othello because of his

A Comparison/Contrast of Brendan Behan's 1940'-IRA stagework "An Gaill" and its English version "The Hostage"

2885 words - 12 pages travels in America, Canada, and England (Boyle 137). Of his work offered to contemporary theater, the play An Gaill was the most praised. Published in 1958, it was set in current day Ireland. Two years earlier, in 1956, Ireland saw the launch of operation "Harvestman" by the IRA, the first total border campaign for the liberation of Ulster from British rule (Coogan 228). History is wound into the story in that the character Leslie is plucked out of

Mairead Farrell: IRA Member, Female Prisoner/Hunger Striker and the Treatment of Women Prisoners in Armagh Jail

1803 words - 7 pages Hunger strikes have a long history in Irish culture. The Celts would starve themselves to disgrace someone who wronged them, and the starvation would go on until the situation/situations were made right. It was a way of "self-sacrifice" to the Catholics. If a hunger striker died, the person or people who caused the strike would suffer socially and have to pay costs to that striker's family (http://irelandsown.net/armaghwomen.html). In 1980-81

James A. Garfield as interpreted by the biography written by Ira Rutkow. This is a critique on the book about President Garfield written by Ira Rutkow

941 words - 4 pages Ira Rutkow is a clinical professor of surgery at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey who also possesses a doctorate of public health form John Hopkins University authored the book The 20th President James A. Garfield. The book was then edited by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. a political historian, recipient of two Pulitzer prizes and a national humanities medal. The book was published in 2006 by Henry Holt and Company, LLC. The

The history of black history

755 words - 4 pages The History on Black History month When I think of the African American culture, I think of warmth and vitality: I think of soul, but I also think of strength and endurance. It has been these qualities given by the most high God to the human mind, body and spirit that to me have presumably characterized a great deal of the African American race in being brought and established here within the United States of America. Therefore, as also to be

The Landscape of History

1627 words - 7 pages In The Landscape of History, John Lewis Gaddis makes a cohesive argument concerning about the debate over the objectivity of truth by stating “objectivity as a consequence is hardly possible, and that there is, therefore, no such thing as truth (Gaddis 29). The question for objective history has long been debated by numerous historians, and the differing viewpoints of history have led to a transition in our ways of thinking in the modern world

The Study of History

2434 words - 10 pages The knowledge, varied approaches, concepts, and methods of collecting evidence and interpreting the past are essential to the study of history. These approaches are not static; they evolve as society and culture evolves, and evolution of approaches and methodology is vital to the continued study of history. The tradition of cataloging and referencing is the foundation of traditional history and this is their legacy to the modern practice.The new

The Importance of History

563 words - 2 pages The Importance of History Can anything worthwhile be gained from continued research into historical events? History seen as study of the past is an integral part of many education systems across the world. Many countries spend huge amounts of money and resources to uncover their past. Every year new and new historical sites are uncovered, excavations on those sites are conducted and the result are studied by archeologists throughout the world

The Dustbin Of History

876 words - 4 pages the idea of what history is really meant to be. But sometime the sources that we were looking at can be false, which mean the information is consider as inaccurate, because it’s already a past and we cannot prove if the fact is actual or not. History is what was shape by us, we are the one who form it in every angle way.One of Greil Marcus quote that does really catch my attention is when he discusses about watching a drama and commercial on

The History of Candles

1370 words - 5 pages In the beginning of man-kind the only source of light was sunlight or firelight. Candles delivered an entirely new perspective, allowing us to travel and complete tasks in the night. Up until the 1900’s candles were the only source of light other than sunlight (“The history of candles and candle making from candlewic” 1). Over history there have been many changes and advancements in the candle making process and its uses. At the very start of

The Practice of History

1482 words - 6 pages Historians face a large problem when studying history. Because history cannot be completely value free and objective, examining one source to gain the truth is not possible no matter how detailed it may be. They must call upon many different sources and analyse each one carefully trying to see past any bias and attempting to look at them with as much objectivity as possible. Breaking them up and analysing them intricately is the best way of

Similar Essays

The Return Of The Ira Essay

1357 words - 5 pages sections. First, the history behind the formation of Ireland and Northern Ireland as two states independent from each other but still under the authority of Great Britain. Second, any current economic and or political fractures between the two states that might be cause for hostilities to break loose. Third, the present abilities of the IRA and whether or not any splits exist within the organization since the signing of the peace treaty. Fourth

Gerry Adams And The Ira Essay

844 words - 3 pages Gerry Adams and The IRA The Irish Republican Army started in Northern Ireland to protect and fight for the rights of the catholic citizens there. Ireland was conquered in 1607 by England, this brought protestant immigrants from England and Scotland. The Protestants quickly came to be the majority of the population. In the 1920s the island was partitioned and Catholics in the north felt that they had been removed from their political

The Child Survivor Of The Holocaust By Ira, Brenner

1072 words - 4 pages Holocaust known..There are books written by Holocaust survivors, stories told from family members who were victims, and meetings of Holocaust perpetrators and actual Holocaust victims (Popkin). All of these things help people learn more about the Holocaust. There are several books written by Holocaust survivors.“The Last Witness: The Child Survivor of the Holocaust”, is a book written by Ira, Brenner strictly about the harsh lives of the Holocaust

The Provisional Irish Republican Army (Ira)

2392 words - 10 pages and has fought politically and militarily for the liberation of Ireland from the rule of Great Britain. To fully grasp and understand the Provisional Irish Republican Army (from now on in the paper the Provisional Irish Republican Army will be referred to as the IRA) and its cause, it is necessary to analyze the history, leadership and organization, tactics and strategies, and involvement with other terrorist groups This paper will focus on what
Christmas Dog Pet Jumpsuit Jumper Puppy Winter Warm Clothes Xmas Padded Coat | Doujin Work | Chappaquiddick 2017 720p BluRay x264-GECKOS