The Role Of Women In Hesiod's Theogony And Works And Days

1001 words - 4 pages

The role of women in Hesiod's Theogony and Works and Days is outstandingly subordinate. There are a number of times in Hesiod's text that despises women, being mortal, immortal, or flesh-eating monsters. The overall impression of women from Theogony and Works and Days, leads one to believe that Hesiod is a misogynist.

The very creation of women was set as a punishment to man because Prometheus, son of Iapetos, tried to trick Zeus into eating bones and then, with the tube of a fennel, steals fire to give to mankind. Zeus then proclaimed, "To set against the fire I shall give them an affliction in which they will all delight as they embrace their own misfortune." Out of Zeus' anger came Pandora, the first woman. Zeus ordered Hephaestus to mold women from the earth and water, Athene to dress and adorn her, Temptation to give her necklaces of gold, and Hermes to implant a bitch's mind and a thief's temper. Hesiod describes women as a "precipitous trap, more than mankind can manage." Hesiod states, "even so as a bane for mortal men has high-thundering Zeus created women, conspirators in causing difficulty." And thus the first woman was named Pandora, Allgift,-"a calamity for men who live by bread." And so Pandora and all the evils of the world, except Hope, were released into the world by a punishing Zeus. Hesiod explains how formerly the tribes of men lived "remote from ills, without harsh toil and the grievous sickness that are deadly to men." From Pandora descended the female sex, "a great affliction to mortals as they dwell with their husbands- no fit partners for accursed Poverty, but only for Plenty." An analogy is then used to compare women to drones who, according to Hesiod, feed off hard-working bees all day. Hesiod immediately highlights women as the scapegoat for bringing grim cares upon mankind, and is the very reason that men have to work hard.

Another subject that Hesiod touches is marriage. In Works and Days, Hesiod provides narrative for an ideal marriage. He states thirty as the perfect age for men to wed, which might seem about right in present day but in Hesiod's time, the life expectancy was around fifty. He then writes, "Women should have four years of ripeness and be married in the fifth." He stresses to marry a virgin so she can be taught good ways. He explains, "For a man acquires nothing better than the good wife." Just when it seems as if Hesiod reveals his sensitive side he continues, "and nothing worse than the bad one, the foodskulk, who singes a man without a brand, strong though he be, and consigns him to premature old age." Foodskulk, which generally means one who hovers around looking for opportunities to get more food than her husband allows her, is Hesiod's description of a bad wife. Referring to Theogony, he states that the man who avoids marriage arrives at an old age with no one to look after him and distant relatives share out his living. The man who finds a good wife spends his...

Find Another Essay On The Role of Women in Hesiod's Theogony and Works and Days

The Character Differences of Hesiod's Zeus and ovid's Jupiter

1236 words - 5 pages ' characteristics of fearfulness of female deities, cunningness and use of trickery, and lust in Ovid's Metamorphoses compared to the Theogony are opposed due to Hesiod's true respect of Zeus versus Ovid's lack of respect of Jupiter in Roman mythology. The first difference in Ovid and Hesiod's writings of Jupiter and Zeus, is the god's position with the female deities. In mythology, Jupiter is all-powerful. However, Ovid portrays him as being

Genesis And Theogony... Plagiarism? Essay

1493 words - 6 pages derived from the stories of the gods and goddesses of Theogony. Another similarity the stories possess is in the identity and condemnation of women as evil. In Theogony women were created to be an evil placed upon the earth to cause suffering for men because Iapetos, a mischievous god, stole fire from Zeus and presented it to man. In retaliation, Zeus had his lame smith mold the shape of a “modest maiden” (572). The figure was then clothed by

Works and Days by Hesiod

1466 words - 6 pages not go hungry, so that “revered Demeter (goddess of the harvest) fill/your granary with livelihood” (lines 299-301). And in explaining why men were made to work, Hesiod touches on another theme of Works and Days, the woe that women bring to men. As Hesiod tells it, the first woman was created by Zeus as revenge against Prometheus from deceiving Zeus and giving the gift of fire to men against his wishes. In retaliation, Zeus had Hephaistos, the

The Role and Status of Women in Buddhism and Confucianism

1292 words - 5 pages construct human community in accord, but this cannot be obtained without victimizing and domesticating women. The status, perceptions and role of women within Buddhist societies and Confucian societies will always be known as a society whose faith allows mistreatment and inequality of women. Works Cited 1. Chodron, Tenzin. Skipping Stones, Mar/Apr2009, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p24-25. Student Research Centre. EBSCO. Web 2. Khuankaew

The Role of Women and Marriage in Socrates' The Republic

1114 words - 4 pages In his constant quest to find the true meaning of justice and the creation of the ideal city Socrates finds that while many of the element of the city have been properly set forth he forgot to take into account the place women will have in the city and the idea of child-rearing. After some careful discussion about the nature of women and how it would relate to their particular role in the city Socrates and Adeimantus come to the agreement that

The Role of Men and Women in the Odyssey

1430 words - 6 pages . Interestingly enough, despite how valiant he can be during battle, it is in the Odyssey in which it becomes clear how Odysseus can be seduced and enchanted by women. In the Odyssey, myriad examples of such temptation reflect the importance of gender and the role of women. His specific interactions make this clear, creating an interesting duality between the power of men and women as illustrated throughout the poem. Women are portrayed as seductresses

Athena, and the Role of Women in the Odyssey

1875 words - 8 pages Homer's great epic, "The Odyssey" was written several thousands of years ago, a time in human history when men played the dominant role in society. The entire structure of civilization was organized and controlled by men; It was an accepted fact that women held an inferior position in society. Society was constructed as if women were around only to serve the men. The involvement of women in any circumstance was almost completely dominated by

Comparing the Role of Women in Indian Camp and Shiloh

1563 words - 6 pages Role of Women in Indian Camp and Shiloh       The women of "Indian Camp" experience a life much different from the woman in "Shiloh." Ernest Hemingway wrote "Indian Camp" giving the women a definite role in their families while Bobbi Ann Mason wrote "Shiloh" leaving the woman’s definite family role ambiguous. Because they are responsible for the birth of the babies, the Native American women of the preceding story are the nurturers as

The Role of Women in Western Europe and Japan

1157 words - 5 pages . Women in Japan were less successful politically compared to those in Western Europe. There were a couple of women able to take the role of empress, Empress Koken being the last. In the late 700's, Koken was the last female emperor and was able to move the capital. Women never could rule Japan after the incident with Empress Koken in which one monk tried to achieve much political power by marrying into the royal family. Women trying to rule the

The Indispensable Role of Women in Colonization and Settlement

1205 words - 5 pages What is a new world if can not expand it? It is nothing. According to the Records of Virginia Company of London, early Virginia lacked one essential element of English society and that was a stable family life1. But for the English society to have stable family life, they need women to form these families to have stable family life. In early US history, men played a major role in developing the colonies in America, but the women expanded the

The Role of Women and Family in Arab Culture

579 words - 2 pages Conor QuigleyARAB193-02Fall 2014The Role of Family and Women in Arab Culture and the Western UnderstandingPeople of the West generally misunderstand the concepts of the family structure of Arabs. Everything from the arrangement of marriages to the raising of children is often questioned and seen as harsh or skewed in approach. Many generalizations are made about the motives for these ways of living, and are often based in ignorance. The

Similar Essays

The Destructive Power Of Love In Hesiod's Theogony

1149 words - 5 pages The Destructive Power of Love in Hesiod's Theogony Love is one of the most fundamental forces at work in Hesiod's Theogony.Ê Personified as Eros, Love is one of the first gods to appear.Ê Although he is parentless and fathers no children of his own, he plays catalyst to the reproductive creation of the world.Ê Just as the world is not perfect, however, so Eros is not an entirely benevolent power.Ê He affects all beings indiscriminately

The Role Of Women In Detective Fiction In The Works Of Agatha Christie's A Body In The Library Vs Dorothy Sayers Strong Poison

2265 words - 9 pages Women Detectives as Related to Social status the role of women in Golden Age detective fiction was influenced by the historical and social events of the time period. During and after the World War I, women assumed an increasingly important role in society entering the predominantly male work place and securing voting rights. Women in literature were destined to be granted major roles in detective fiction novels. Agatha Christie finally broke the

"Feminism" How The Role Of Women Has Changed Over The Last 100 Years. (Includes Works Cited)

1333 words - 5 pages In the early 1900's, women were not known to have high rank jobs or work full time at all. They were the one's who did all the cleaning, cooking, and the ones who took care of the children. Women didn't really start having jobs that paid till the 1920's - 1930's. But until then, the men did the majority of the work out in society. In a play called, Trifles, by Susan Glaspell, which was written and took place in 1916, two women by the names of

Comparing The Theogony And Creation In Genesis

1524 words - 7 pages Throughout the world there are various cultures with varying religions and creation stories to explain the creation of the Earth and it’s inhabitants. Of these creation stories two with similar and also different characteristics is the Creation story in the book of Genesis which is a part of the 1st Testament in the Hebrew Bible and explains the creation of Earth and humans, and the Theogony which is the greek creation story that describes
7.1 Gascoigne (2015) | Strategy | Soul Land 192