Thing Essay

904 words - 4 pages

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L'hérésie Cathare

Depuis le 9eme siècle, la chrétienté voit le nombre d'hérésies augmenter de jours en jours. Mais ceci est aussi vrai pour toutes les religions, elles se sont aussi manifestées dans le Judaïsme, dans l'Islam et même dans le Bouddhisme. En France, un grand nombre d'hérésies s'était manifestée au sein du Christianisme, dont une en particulière, qui sera le sujet de cette composition, le catharisme.
Désormais, nous allons comprendre le sens des mots importants de notre problématique, qui sont: "Eglise" ; "Hérésie" ; "Cathare" ; et "Réprimée". Dans la problématique, le terme "Eglise" avec un "E" majuscule, signifie la religion Chrétienne et le Pape. Une "hérésie" est une croyance ou une opinion qui est fortement en désaccord avec les croyances établies et les coutumes d'une religion, dans ce cas, la religion chrétienne. En quelque sorte, c'est du blasphème. Le "Cathare" était un mouvement chrétien qui avait prospéré dans certaines régions du sud de l'Europe, en particulier l'Italie du nord et du sud de la France, entre le 12ème et 14ème siècles. Les Cathares avaient d'autres croyances, mais partageaient le même Dieu que les Chrétiens. Je développerais leurs croyances leur origine dans mon premier paragraphe. Et dernièrement, le terme "Réprimée", qui vient du verbe "Réprimer" signifie empêcher le développement de quelque chose, dans ce cas, le développement de l'hérésie Cathare.
Pourquoi et comment l'Eglise réprime-t-elle l'hérésie Cathare ?
Premièrement, nous allons voir les croyances et l'origine des Cathares, deuxièmement nous nous intéresserons à la raison pourquoi l'Eglise souhaite tant réprimer cette hérésie, et dernièrement nous verrons comment l'Eglise réussit a définitivement arrêter l'hérésie Cathare.

A présent, nous allons nous intéresser aux croyances et l'origine des Cathares.

De nombreux indices dans la croyance cathare prouvent que la croyance cathare date de bien longtemps. Beaucoup de chroniqueurs médiévaux semble avoir eu connaissance de l'antiquité de la croyance cathare. “Partout les chrétiens, ils ont couché caché depuis le temps de la Passion du Seigneur, s'égarer dans l'erreur” (traduit de l'anglais) — Walter Map, écrit autour de 1182. Les Cathares en France étaient basés en grande partie dans la région de Languedoc, près de Toulouse, Albi et Carcassonne.
La différence fondamentale entre une religion "dualiste" (une religion dans laquelle les pratiquants ne considèrent uniquement l'existence selon deux principes: le bien et le mal) comme les cathares. Les Cathares et autres dualistes croient que ce sont d'égale importance , alors que les chrétiens croient que les forces du bien sont supérieurs .
Bien qu'il partage de nombreux principes du christianisme , la religion...

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